Harold II crowned king of England
Jan 6, 1066:
Following the death of Edward the Confessor, Harold Godwineson, head of the most powerful noble family in England, is crowned King Harold II. On his deathbed, Edward supposedly designated Harold the royal heir, but this claim was disputed by William, duke of Normandy and cousin of the late king. In addition, King Harald III Hardraade of Norway had designs on England, as did Tostig, brother of Harold.
King Harold rallied his forces for an expected invasion by William, but Tostig launched a series of raids instead, forcing the king to leave the English Channel unprotected. In September, Tostig joined forces with King Harald III and invaded England from Scotland. On September 25, Harold met them at Stamford Bridge and defeated and killed them both. Three days later, William landed in England at Pevensey.
On October 14, 1066, Harold met William at the Battle of Hastings, and the king was killed and his forces defeated. According to legend, he was shot through the eye with an arrow. On Christmas Day, William the Conqueror was crowned the first Norman king of England.
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This Week in History, Jan 6 – Jan 12
Jan 06, 1066 Harold II crowned king of England Jan 06, 1912 New Mexico joins the Union Jan 06, 1925 Nurmi breaks two world records Jan 06, 2001 Congress certifies Bush winner of 2000 elections Jan 07, 1785 Across the English Channel in a balloon Jan 07, 1979 Pol Pot overthrown Jan 07, 1989 Emperor Hirohito dies Jan 07, 1999 Clinton impeachment trial begins Jan 08, 1642 Astronomer Galileo dies in Italy Jan 08, 1815 The Battle of New Orleans Jan 08, 1867 Congress expands suffrage in nation’s capital Jan 08, 1916 Allies retreat from Gallipoli Jan 08, 1918 Wilson announces his 14 Points Jan 08, 1962 Mona Lisa exhibited in Washington Jan 09, 1768 First modern circus is staged Jan 09, 1806 Nelson buried at St. Paul’s Cathedral Jan 09, 1972 Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire Jan 09, 2007 Steve Jobs debuts the iPhone Jan 10, 1920 League of Nations instituted Jan 10, 1922 Griffith elected president of Irish Free State Jan 10, 1923 U.S. troops depart Germany Jan 10, 1946 First meeting of the United Nations Jan 11, 1928 Stalin banishes Trotsky Jan 11, 1935 Earhart flies from Hawaii to California Jan 11, 1949 Cornerstone laid at Washington’s Islamic Center Jan 12, 1879 British-Zulu War begins Jan 12, 1932 First elected female senator Jan 12, 1984 Pyramid mystery unearthed