AN03d5_Ch13: European Middle Ages: Rise of Chivalry
Timeline: 11th – 13th C.
FS: A violent society conjures images of loyalty, honor, and romantic love.
Main Idea: The code of chivalry for knights glorified both combat and romantic love. During the Middle Ages, nobles constantly fought one another. Their feuding kept Europe in a fragmented state for centuries. Through warfare, feudal lords defended their estates, seized new territories, and increased their wealth. Lords and their armies lived in a violent society that prized combat skills. By the 1100s, though, a code of behavior began to arise. High ideals guided warriors’ actions and glorified their roles.
Soldiers mounted on horseback (Mounted Warriors) became valuable in combat during the reign of Charlemagne’s grandfather, Charles Martel, in the 700s. Charles Martel had observed that the Muslim cavalry often turned the tide of battles. As a result, he organized Frankish troops of armored horsemen, or knights.
A. The Technology of Warfare Changes
B. The Warrior’s Role in Feudal Society
II. Knighthood and the Code of Chivalry
A. A Knight’s Training
B. Brutal Reality of Warfare
III. The Literature of Chivalry
A. Epic Poetry
B. Love Poems and Songs
IV. Women’s role in Feudal society
B. Peasant Women
V. Ponder: How has the code of chivalry shaped modern ideas of romance in Western cultures?
– World History: Patterns of Interaction