AN05b_Ch18: Imperialism and America
Timeline: 1890 – 1920
FS: Whom does Imperialism Serve?
Main Idea: Beginning in 1867 and continuing through the century, global competition caused the United States to expand and involve itself in global affairs.
I. Global Competition as of 1867
1. Unavailability of Africa
2. Availability of China
B. Rise of Japan
1. Russo-Japanese War, 1903
2. Chinese Spheres of Influence
C. Manifest Destiny
A. US Involvement Escalates
1. US Military presence (Pearl Harbor)
2. The Hawaiian population is diluted by the large number of imported ‘contract’ laborers.
3. Land and Business Holders financially sponsor a revolution overthrowing the monarchy.
4. Military Strength
a. Expansion of Blue-water Naval Fleet & Need for Ports
b. Construction of New Battleships (USS Maine)
B. Need for New Markets
1. Industrial Revolution
2. Manufacturing Efficiency leads to Overproduction
C. Cultural Superiority
1. “White Man’s Burden”
2. Racial Bigotry + Social Darwinism =\> Justifying expansion as a benefit to others.
III. Other Areas of Interest? (think Hawaii, but closer)
A. Spain and Cuban Colony: Cuban Unrest
B. US & Cuban Economic Ties
C. “Remember the Maine!” & the Spanish-American War
IV. Summary: Why it matters today.
During this time period, the United States acquired Hawaii and Alaska, both of which became states in 1959.
-Pr05b_American Empire Building
-R05b_Quotable Quotes Relevant to American Empire Building