AN05b2_Ch18: The Spanish American War
Timeline: 1890 – 1920
FS: Vamonos, Muchachos, para Cuba! La guerra de Espana y Los Estados Unidos.
[Let’s go, comrades, to Cuba! The Spanish-American War]
Main Idea: In 1898, the United States went to war to help Cuba win independence from Spain. US interest in the island predates the events of this lesson, but in 1898 an opportunity to act on those interests materialized. Such was the interest in other properties that had long been a part of Spain’s global empire. Vestiges of these events remain today.
4.II.A: An Emerging Global Involvement
I. Cuban’s Rebel Against Spain
A. Failed Attempts for Independence- 1860s
B. 1895- Another Independence Attempt
1. Jose Marti & Guerrilla Tactic to Force US Intervention
2. “Cuba libre!” [“Free Cuba!”] and the splitting of American support (Idealists vs. Business Owners)
II. Yellow Journalism
A. Spanish reaction fuels ‘newspaper war’ in US.
B. William Randolph Hearst vs. Joseph Pulitzer
C. “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war”.- WR Hearst
D. Pres. McKinley’s negotiation attempts criticized after The De Lome Letter.
III. “Remember the Maine!”
A. Feb. 15, 1898. USS Maine Explodes, 250 dead
B. Hearst Posts a Reward for Culprit
C. 9 April, Spain agrees to most US demands
D. 11 April, McKinley requests military action.
E. 20 April, US Declares War on Spain
IV. US Army/ Navy
A. Navy => Very Good
B. Army => Ill-trained. Civil War veterans.
C. Rough Riders of Teddy Roosevelt=> Heroes (?) of San Juan Hill.
V. Treaty of Paris
A. 12 August 1898=\> “A splendid little war” – Sec. John Hay
B. Cuba freed. Puerto Rico & Guam become US protectorates. Philippines sold to US.
C. Moral implications for the US. How did empire-building sit with our founding principles?
VI. Summary: Why it matters today.
US involvement in Latin America and Asia increased greatly as a result of the war. Elements of the involvement remain today.
– Map Exercise
– Mind mapping the Expansion of US Empire Building (late 19th, Early 20th C.)