AN05c_Ch19: The First World War
Timeline: 1914 – 1918
FQ: In what way is WWI a modern war?
Main Idea: World War I, unique in it’s execution, but all too common in its impact, ushers the world into an era of competitiveness on national levels. The impact, partially the result of new technologies, elevates political disputes to devastatingly new heights.
5.I.A (Impact of War)
5.I.B (War and Prosperity)
I. Causes (Short/ Long Term)
D. Alliance Systems
II. New Tactics/ Technologies
A. Trench Warfare/ “No Man’s Land”
B. Technologies to Combat Trench Warfare
C. Seaborne Threats & Remedies to the Threats (Technology, Tactics)
III. United States Home Front & Involvement
A. ‘Neutrality’ Debate (Relationship with European Combatants)
B. Zimmermann Note
D. “…World must be made safe for democracy…”- Pres. Wilson, 1917
E. How to raise an Army: Selective Service Act
F. How to equip an Army: Peacetime economy turns to wartime economy=\> Mass Production of war materials (“95 ships in one day”)
G. US Impact: Large numbers of troops, enthusiastic participants.
IV. Horrible Magnitude
A. Shell Shock (PTSD)
B. Trench Foot/ Mouth
C. Death by disease exceeds deaths by combat wound.
V. Summary: Why it matters today.
WWI may have set the stage for the horrors of modern 20th C. warfare.