FilmQ06b_Ch.22- The Great Depression and The New Deal.
How to Use Video as a Source
Step #1: Familiarize yourself with film questions prior to viewing the film. By reading the questions and understanding the vocabulary contained within, you allow yourself the luxury of viewing the film without having to look at the questions continuously.
Step #2: View and Listen Attentively. Unlike a book, a video provides information via visual images and audio. Both forms of data are ‘more valuable together’ than separately. For example, turn the volume off on your TV during your favorite program. Then, raise the volume while ‘blacking out’ the image. Under which conditions was the data most richly delivered? Always make sure that you have unobstructed viewing of a film and that the sound is audible.
As you view the video, pay attention to visual and/ or audio cues that reflect the issues raised by the questions below. Your responses should refer to video content as well as your current knowledge and understanding of history.
Step #3: Organize Your Thoughts. Unlike a book, the data from a video is often delivered at a constant rate. With a book, you can slow your reading speed when you encounter a particular segment that is complicated. You can also turn back to a previous page to review information. A film is a bit different in that you may not always have the option to use ‘slow motion’ or ‘rewind’. Therefore, maintaining focus on the imagery and sound is important. Targeted Notes will reduce the amount of time you’re looking away from the film. By writing quick and simple phrases of a few words each, you maintain greater attention to film events.
Targeted notes use key words/ phrases that will ignite a thought or idea when you read them later. There is no concern for grammar or spelling while doing this. After the film has ended, you look at your targeted notes and manipulate the data to compile responses in complete sentences.
Organizational Tip: Vertically divide your sheet of paper (where you’ll write your responses). On the ‘left’ half, take targeted notes for each question given. After viewing the video, use the targeted notes to compose complete responses to each question (on the ‘right’ half of the sheet).
SOURCE: “Stormy Weather”. The Century: America’s Time. A Video Series at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC8D9DC28C3EC5223
Stormy Weather [~14 min per episode (3 parts), ~42 min. Total.]
The stock market crash of 1929 ushered in the greatest period of economic malaise in America’s history. The Great Depression shaped the atmosphere for a decade; the most prosperous country on earth could not feed its own citizens. But even as Americans were trying to cope with poverty and hunger, the rumblings of a demagogue across the water became louder and louder. This episode examines the
Great Depression and the decade of the 1930s, covering events such as the Bonus Army March, movies and radio, the Dust Bowl, FDR and the New Deal and the rise of Hitler in Germany.
Context: United States, 1929- 1936, The tumultuous economic & political changes resulting from the Great Depression.
1. What was the Bonus Army? What were its demands? How did the Bonus Army exemplify the frustration of the American people during the Great Depression?
2. The Great Depression was the most severe economic crisis in American history. What were some of the causes of the Great Depression?
3. Almost everyone in the country felt the effects of the Great Depression. How did the depression affect average Americans?
4. Even though the economy failed, many Americans blamed themselves for their unemployment and hard times. Why did so many unemployed Americans blame themselves?
5. People still went to the movies in droves despite the hard times of the depression. Why did the motion picture industry continue to thrive when most other businesses failed?
6. What was the Dust Bowl? How did it exacerbate the Great Depression?
7. Why did more Americans join the Communist Party in the 1930s than any other time?
8. Adolph Hitler and the Nazi party came to power during the German depression. Why were Hitler and Nazism so appealing to Germans in the 1930s?
9. How did Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the president during the Great Depression, use radio to help restore American conﬁdence in their government and the economy?
10. Was FDR’s New Deal radical? Why or why not?
11. What ﬁnally ended the Great Depression?
12. What is the legacy of the Great Depression?