FilmQ03c_Ch12- China’s Golden Age
How to Use Video as a Source
Step #1: Familiarize yourself with film questions prior to viewing the film. By reading the questions and understanding the vocabulary contained within, you allow yourself the luxury of viewing the film without having to look at the questions continuously.
Step #2: View and Listen Attentively. Unlike a book, a video provides information via visual images and audio. Both forms of data are ‘more valuable together’ than separately. For example, turn the volume off on your TV during your favorite program. Then, raise the volume while ‘blacking out’ the image. Under which conditions was the data most richly delivered? Always make sure that you have unobstructed viewing of a film and that the sound is audible.
As you view the video, pay attention to visual and/ or audio cues that reflect the issues raised by the questions below. Your responses should refer to video content as well as your current knowledge and understanding of history.
Step #3: Organize Your Thoughts. Unlike a book, the data from a video is often delivered at a constant rate. With a book, you can slow your reading speed when you encounter a particular segment that is complicated. You can also turn back to a previous page to review information. A film is a bit different in that you may not always have the option to use ‘slow motion’ or ‘rewind’. Therefore, maintaining focus on the imagery and sound is important. Targeted Notes will reduce the amount of time you’re looking away from the film. By writing quick and simple phrases of a few words each, you maintain greater attention to film events. Targeted notes use key words/ phrases that will ignite a thought or idea when you read them later. There is no concern for grammar or spelling while doing this. After the film has ended, you look at your targeted notes and manipulate the data to compile responses in complete sentences.
Organizational Tip: Vertically divide your sheet of paper (where you’ll write your responses). On the ‘left’ half, take targeted notes for each question given. After viewing the video, use the targeted notes to compose complete responses to each question (on the ‘right’ half of the sheet).
Your responses to these film questions will form the foundation of, or supplement, your notes for this lesson. The focus of this video will be China’s rich and sophisticated culture which is augmented by technological achievements. No other society on earth during the 11th – 13th C. can claim to be China’s equal.
However, as witnessed in other eras and places, China is not immune to the forces of history that humble even the greatest of civilizations.
SOURCE: Millennium Video Series: The 12th Century: Century of the Sword. © 1999, Turner Broadcast Co. [~9.5 min.]
Context: China, c. 11th C., Sung Dynasty
1. How did the Chinese civilization view the world around the 11th C.?
2. The Taklamakan desert was crossed by trade routes heading east. Why would anyone want to take a risk crossing that obstacle?
3. How did China ‘tame’ the great distances of its country using technology?
4. What examples were offered that demonstrate China’s technological & innovative superiority?
5. What was the binding philosophy of this great ancient civilization? Identify and explain one of the important principles of that philosophy that helped hold the society together.
6. What could possibly threaten such a great society? What was China’s philosophical view of the threats?