FilmQ04a_Ch.16: The Mexica (Aztecs) of Mesoamerica
Your responses to these film questions will form the foundation of, or supplement, your notes for this lesson. The film will reveal some of what amazed and shocked the Conquistadores, as chronicled in the writings of Bernal Diaz and Hernan Cortes. The Mexica eventually fell victim to European technology, disease, and fauna/ flora. However, their innovations continue to be studied and never fail to amaze
How to Use Video as a Source
Step #1: Familiarize yourself with film questions prior to viewing the film. By reading the questions and understanding the vocabulary contained within, you allow yourself the luxury of viewing the film without having to look at the questions continuously.
Step #2: View and Listen Attentively. Unlike a book, a video provides information via visual images and audio. Both forms of data are more valuable together than separately. For example, turn the volume off on your TV during your favorite program. Then, raise the volume while blacking-out the image. Under which conditions was the data most richly delivered? Always make sure that you have unobstructed viewing of a film and that the sound is audible.
As you view the video, pay attention to visual and/ or audio cues that reflect the issues raised by the questions below. Your responses should refer to video content as well as your current knowledge and understanding of history.
Step #3: Organize Your Thoughts. Unlike a book, the data from a video is often delivered at a constant rate. With a book, you can slow your reading speed when you encounter a particular segment that is complicated. You can also turn back to a previous page to review information. A film is a bit different in that you may not always have the option to use slow motion or rewind. Therefore, maintaining focus on the imagery and sound is important. Targeted Notes will reduce the amount of time you’re looking away from the film. By writing quick and simple phrases of a few words each, you maintain greater attention to film events. Targeted notes use key words/ phrases that will ignite a thought or idea when you read them later. There is no concern for grammar or spelling while doing this. After the film has ended, you look at your targeted notes and manipulate the data to compile responses in complete sentences.
Organizational Tip: Vertically divide the sheet of paper where your responses will go. On the left half, take targeted notes for each question given. After viewing the video, use the targeted notes to compose complete responses to each question (on the right half of the sheet).
SOURCE: CNN’s Millennium Video Series:The 15th Century: Century of the Sail ©1999. Narrated by Ben Kingsley. [~7 Min.]
Mesoamerica (Central Mexican Valley)
Mexica (Aztec) Empire
15th – 16th C.
1. How did the Mexica (Aztecs) know where to create their capital city?
2. How did the European chroniclers react to the site of Tenochtitlan?
3. How did the Mexica keep goods flowing through the markets of the capital city?
4. How did the Mexica ‘renew’ their world and nourish their deities? How might this belief impact their society?