AN04b_Ch17: Florence, Italy. Birthplace of the Renaissance
Timeline: 14th – 17th C.
FS: Europe looks to Italy for a ‘Rebirth’ and a new ‘World View’.
Main Idea:\ Relative freedom from the feudal norms of Europe along with peculiar geographic, political, & economic circumstances, permit northern Italian communities to form city-states with heavy dependence on commerce. These cities lead Europe toward a commercial resurgence that contributes to a philosophical and material transformation. The Italian Renaissance was a rebirth of learning that produced many great works of art and literature.
I. Feudalism Declines and Commercial Interests Rise
Ponder: Why were financial institutions necessary for trade to improve?
II. Vocabulary: Refer to Crossword Puzzle
III. Case Study: Florence, Italy.
A. Fine Textiles
B. River Access
C. City-State (Republic)
D. Wealth and Power
1. Merchants inter-marry w/ nobility. (eg. Lorenzo di Medici’s marriage into a Roman aristocratic family).
2. Medici Banker Family (The Sforza family in Milan)
a. Cosimo => Filippo Brunelleschi and contest to build dome for Santa Maria del Fiore church.
b. Lorenzo => Cared for and nurtured prodigies- eg. Michelangelo Buonarroti
3. Political Theory => Niccolo Machiavelli
4. Patronage of the Arts
IV. The Arts
1. Poetry (verse)
3. Latin vs. Vulgate/ Vernacular (Ex. Italian, Spanish, etc.)
V. General Themes
A. Celebration of the Individual (Humanism).
a. Portraits (Mona Lisa), Autobiographies
b. “David” (Sculpture)
2. Spiritual/ Intellectual
a. Reformation and Counter Reformation (Catholic Reformation)
b. Classical Learning Expands/ Philosophical
* Ideal Man (Ancient Greece => Arete; Ancient Rome => Gravitas and Cincinnatus; Sung Dynasty => Universal Man; Renaissance => Renaissance Man)
* Ideal Woman
c. Scientific Method: Astronomy, Anatomy, Physics. (1)
B. Rise of Secularism (Societal Focus)
1. Materialism (Rise of Standard of Living)
a. Accumulation of Wealth for Worldly Pursuits.
b. Rise of Merchant Class
a. Centralized Government
b. Increasing Authority of Monarchs
VI. Summary: Why it matters now.
Renaissance art and literature still influence modern thought and modern art.
– Slide Presentation
– Renaissance (Crossword Puzzle)
– World History: Patterns of Interaction
– Film: CNN’s Millennium Series.
(1) Nature, by the Numbers: http://worldhistoryreview.org