AN01a- America’s Beginnings Up to 1783: Three Worlds Collide
FQ: How did conditions in the Western and Eastern hemispheres contribute to an eventual ‘Collision’ of three worlds starting in 1492?
I. “1492, Columbus Sails the Ocean Blue”
Native America + West Africa + Western Europe proceed on a collision course resulting in a major shift in human historical development.
II. Native America
A. Populating the Americas via the Berings Strait land bridge. ~40,000 BP.
B. Inhabit a diverse terrain. Adaptations lead to a variety of cultures. A few are…
1. Plains: Lakota Sioux
2. Woodlands: Iroquois
3. Central Mexican Valley: Mexica (Aztec)
4. Yucatan Peninsula: Maya
5. Mississippi River Valley: Mound Builders (Mississippian Culture)
III. West Africa
A. Songhai: West African Trading Empire
1. High population Density
2. Wealth accumulated via trade (Ex. Gold – Salt)
B. The Trans-Saharan Caravan Trade feeds the accumulation of wealth and knowledge. Cultural diffusion is powerful influencer.
The Renaissance fuels change in a variety of areas within society.
A. Intellectual Revolution- “Asking the tough questions”
B. Political Revolution- The birth of the “Nation-State” and modern political thought.
C. Religious Revolution- Protestant Reformation, Catholic Reformation.
D. Commerical Revolution
Inter-Oceanic Travel (C. Columbus, V. DaGama) and the birth of Pre-modern Capitalism -> Mercantilism.