AN01bc_Ch.02,03: Americas Beginnings To 1783- Transplanted Rivalries
FQ: How did ‘Old World’ rivalries transplant themselves in the ‘New World’ after 1492?
I. Colonization of ‘New World’ by Europeans. (15th – 17th C.)
A. Spain/ Portugal: Spanish Viceroyalties/ Brazil (1494-Treaty of Tordesillas)
B. English: Jamestown VA., Puritan New England.
C. Dutch: New York Coast, Northern coastal area of South America.
D. France: Mississippi mouth, future Canadian territory.
The manner and methods of colonization reflected and aggravated religious & commercial rivalries existing in Europe at the time.
II. Religious Rivalry
A. Protestant Reformation (Worms, 1521- Martin Luther Excommunicated by Pope Leo X).
B. Catholic Reformation (1540, Ignatius Loyola and the Jesuit Order)
C. La Reconquista: 1492, one of two successful (major) Crusades since the 11th C.
D. Nature-based faiths of Africa and Native America.
III. Commercial Rivalry (15th – 17th C.)
B. Joint Stock Company (East India Company)
C. Labor Supply: Shortage results from poor treatment and disease (small pox).
– Encomienda System
– Slavery (Spain & Portugal=> Dutch=> English=> Smugglers)
– Indentured Servitude
IV. Political Rivalry
A. France vs. Britain=> Conflict over the thrones of England & France leads to an American expression of the European conflict=> French & Indian War (1754)
B. Dutch Gain Independence from Spain=> Dutch Revolt, mid-16th to mid-17th C.
V. Environmental Impact: The Columbian Exchange
Wide variety of fauna and flora are exchanged between ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Worlds.
VI. Colonial Development
A. Colonies mature into societies reflecting European social norms, geography, Renaissance ideals (Enlightenment).
B. Northern Colonies: Manufacturing and Sea Trade
C. Southern Colonies: Plantation Cash Crops, Food crops
D. Western Lands (Interior): French and Native American Allies dominate.
- Chapter 1-3: The Americans. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012.
- Presentation: Pr01abc (https://www.icloud.com/keynote/01rpf9P7JckAnlQ88mz1BPGvw#Pr01abc)
- Socrative (Online assessment tool). http://www.socrative.com