Pu01a_Peopling of the World- Human Origins
2. This term was used in the past to describe early humans and their ancient ape ancestors exhibiting the attribute of bipedalism. Today, this term has been replaced with another when talking about humans and their non-ape ancestors. (Archaeological Inst. of America)
3. Famous family of archaeologists and anthropologists (20th C.- East Africa). Credited with fossil discoveries adding to our understanding of Man’s evolutionary development.
7. A significant change in human lifestyle that witnessed the domestication of plants and animals. Human society increasingly became sedentary. (2 words)
10. The remains or impression of a once-living organism preserved in rock or petrified (mineralized form).
11. A technologically significant era when human societies developed furnaces to fuse two metals and produce an alloy. (2 words)
12. The study of material remains (as fossil relics, artifacts, and monuments) from past plant/ animal life as well as human life and activities.
14. The time period within which archaic stone tools were developed. (2 words)
16. A term used to describe the relative thickness of fossil bones.
18. A syllabic written language first developed in the area known as Mesopotamia and ranks as one of the oldest writing forms.
19. The time period within which ‘newer’ stone tools were developed. (2 words)
21. A lifestyle whereby the majority of calories consumed by a group is determined by the food which they actively search for. Such a lifestyle is marked by frequent movement of the group. (2 words)
22. This example of technology could help explain the growing dominance of Homo Sapiens over other pre-human competitors as well as larger animals.
23. A later stage of pre-human evolutionary development is represented by this creature. The fossil record of this hominin shows the development of a larger skull and use of technology. Evidence shows it migrated out of Africa to the colder latitudes of Europe and Asia, using fire for warmth, protection, and cooking food. (2 Words)
24. The lifestyle, traditions, and other norms people develop over time as an adaptation to conditions within which they live.
1. Stands and travels on two feet.
4. The study of human beings and their ancestors. Physical characteristics, culture, environmental interaction & social relations as well.
5. This pre-human actually co-existed with modern Man, but only in areas of Europe and Central Asia- according to the fossil record. At one point, it was believed to have been in our human evolutionary path. It’s former designation as ‘Homo Sapien’ was dropped and replaced by this name. Similarity with modern humans included: similar anatomy, rudimentary language, technology use, development of culture. (2 words)
6. One of three areas within which evolutionary changes were evident between major pre-human stages. This area refers to internal and external structural appearance of the body.
8. The primate species to which modern humans belong. Literally, “Thinking Man.” (2 words)
9. (Two words) The process by which individual organisms with favorable traits are more likely to survive and reproduce than those with unfavorable traits.
13. This term reflects an attribute of humans and their pre-human ancestors usually identified by bipedal adaptations. They are represented today by one species, Homo sapiens. the term excludes apes.
15. There is a debate that the fossil evidence of this creature can either support the existence of a separate species of pre-human (known as “Skillful Man), or a sub-species of an already identified creature. (2 words)
17. An accepted assumption (supposition) for the purposes of explaining a phenomena. The assumption is based on data that indicates that the supposition may be ‘fact’. The assumption falls short of being a fact (or Law) because the data can be incomplete, inconclusive, or contradictory to existing facts or suppositions.
20. This climatic change ~40,000 BP may have given modern Man (Homo Sapien) an advantage over the last pre-human species. (2 words)