East – West
3. The process for preserving human corpses developed by ancient Egyptians.
7. A person trained from an early age to serve as a ‘recorder’ of information for the rulers in Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian society. They would be amongst the very few who can read/ write (literate).
9. The political organization that the ancient Egyptian civilization developed into.
10. A massive Mesopotamian structure that marked the center of city-states and was the focal point of civic rituals.
13. The location of ancient Egypt’s great complex of monumental structures.
14. The mythical identity of the ancient Egyptian monarch after he dies and is entombed.
15. In Mesopotamian city-states, this top political figure was divinely chosen. Thus, he was not considered a god.
20. This is the topographic description of the land that dominates Mesopotamia. It was a major disadvantage since it didn’t defend against invasion and exacerbated floods. It aided farming.
22. The boy-king whose tomb opened the eyes of the world to the wonders of ancient Egyptian civilization.
25. The mythical identity of the ancient Egyptian monarch while serving as monarch.
26. A group of agricultural villages.
28. Arabic word for ‘step’ or ‘bench’.
29. A period of transition. Often marked by social unrest, war, famine, pestilence, etc.
30. Greek for ‘Land between two rivers.’
North – South
1. The terrain surrounding the Nile and Tigris-Euphrates river valleys was dominated by this. It did provide some defense against invasion.
2. Ancient Egypt’s written (phonetic) language.
4. These were unpredictable and a major disadvantage of Mesopotamian life.
5. This geographic feature contributed to ancient Egypt’s culture as well as its ability to flourish as a civilization. (2 words)
6. A crescent-shaped region containing the comparatively moist and fertile land of otherwise arid and semi-arid S-W Asia, the Nile Valley and Nile Delta. 2 words
8. The political nature adopted by the cities of Mesopotamia. 2 words
9. Roughly translates as ‘soul’ or ‘double’ in the ancient Egyptian language.
11. The river system upon which the great cities of Mesopotamia depended for it’s existence. 2 words
12. Egyptian Pharaoh often referred to as “The Great”. Ruled for 67 years and is believed, by some to be the monarch who confronted a Hebrew prophet in a biblical story. (Two words)
16. This period marks the third and final segment of Egyptian history. (2 words)
17. Period in Egyptian history that witnessed the construction of the Giza pyramids. (2 words)
18. Ancient Egypt’s monumental structures.
19. This social group resided at the bottom of the Egyptian hierarchy.
20. Generally accepted title for the king of ancient Egypt.
21. An area at the southern portion of Mesopotamia, where the Tigris-Euphrates empties into the Persian Gulf (Mouth of the Tigris-Euphrates)
23. Egypt’s monumental structures were built for this purpose.
24. One of the most basic of technological innovations. Transportation then and now can hardly be imagined without this object.
27. The ancient Egyptian goddess responsible for overseeing universal balance. The Egyptian monarch is responsible for maintaining this balance via good leadership and conduct.