AN02a_New Directions in Government and Society- Ancient Greece’s Environment (Ch.05)
Timeline: 20th C. – 4th C. BCE
FQ: How did Greece’s geography contribute to the foundation of a unique civilization?
Like many (great) civilized societies, before and since, the ancient Greeks were impacted by the conditions under which they lived and worked (context). The roots of Greek culture can be traced to the interaction of the Mycenaean, Minoan, and Dorian cultures. Interaction among these cultures, a unique environment, and the circumstances of daily life shaped what was to become the seed of ‘Western’ civilization.
A. Time = 20th C.- 5th C. BCE
B. Place = Balkans, Peloponnese peninsula, ~ area of modern Greece.
C. Why Important? = Impact on Western world.
“Western” refers to those cultures that are significantly influenced by the civilization of ancient Greece and Rome. Among Western societies today, we would include much of Europe, portions of the Mediterranean basin, the Americas, and Australia, among others.
A. Seafaring People (Easy Access to Water)
- Maritime Fleet Develops.
- Communication expands beyond Greek lands.
- External Commerce Thrives.
- Military Expansion is Possible.
B. Mountains keep Greeks Divided
- Many politically independent City-States.
- Limited arable land can only support relatively small population densities.
C. Moderate Climate
- Increased Outdoors Activities
- Increased interpersonal communication and interaction.
- Public/ Civic life is immensely important.
D. Lack of Mineral and Agricultural Resources
* World History: Patterns of Interaction, Ch.05. (Published by Holt-McDougal)
* Student Maps
* Pr02a_Ancient Greece’s Environment
Pr02a_Ancient Greece’s Environment (Slide by Slide description)