Pr02a4_Ancient Greece’s Golden Age: Art and Science (Slide by Slide Description)
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Pr02a4_Ancient Greece’s Golden Age: Art and Science
(Cover) Slide #1: The Parthenon
Slide #2: Recognize this capital design? Know what a capital is? Let’s look into our collective knowledge of Greek influenced art forms.
Slide #3: Here we have a very ornate capital: Corinthian.
Slide #4: Recognize this capital?
Slide #5: Recognize this famous Renaissance fresco that is meant to illustrate the explosive mental and physical creativity of Ancient Greece?
This painting is NOT Greek, but it represents much of what the Western World thinks of when they think of Greece. Here are some questions to ask yourself:
-Where are the central figures?
-How did you find them?
-Who are the central figures?
-Why were these figures chosen? What was it about their relationship that made them ideal figures for a Europe coming out of a Medieval Period and questioning all thing that once were taboo to question?
Slide #6: Here is another Renaissance painting.
This is Socrates. What do you think is happening here?
Why would he point upward?
As Joseph Campbell alluded to, and we reviewed earlier this term regarding myths, much of how interpret the past is influenced by how we ‘perceive’ it. Perception, itself, can be influenced by many things in our lives. Among these we can include our childhood experiences, education, family and friend relationships, religious convictions, etc. These Renaissance paintings helped shaped our images of Classical Greece. We are the inheritors of this imagery.
Slide #7: This image is from one of the greatest, if not greatest, plays ever written. It’s about all the emotions that make us human: Love, moral values, character, meeting expectations, and failure.
Why would any human gouge out their own eyes?
Slide #8: No doubt one of the greatest military leaders in the annals of human history. Singularly responsible for spreading the Greek culture (Hellenism) to most of the known world at that time. probably the most important Non-Greek in Greek history: Alexander the Great (Alexander of Macedon).
Slide #9: Artist rendition of the Library of Alexandria. The closest to this we can come to in our modern world would be the Library of Congress.
This structure, in the city of Alexandria in modern Egypt, was believed to have held some of the ancient world’s great works in the field of History, Technology, and Philosophy (which included Mathematics and Science). Since the library was destroyed, most of those works are lost forever.
Slide #10: The great Syracusan, Archimedes. Inventor and engineer who worked for the rising state of Rome as well as other clients. His inventions have morphed into objects that many of us would recognize, but not have any idea it was traceable to this Greek icon.
Know of any?
Slide #11: The Antikythera Mechanism. Unimpressive you say? You have no idea what this accidental find in a Mediterranean shipwreck means to our knowledge of the Ancients.
The world is far deeper in debt to the Greeks than it ever was before.
Slide #12: Artist rendition of the Antikythera Mechanism as it may have appeared.
Slide #13 – 16: Greek influence on American architecture, Democratic institutions, and ubiquitous material culture.
All of these examples have a direct and uninterrupted connection to the Ancient Greeks. Without them, we don’t have these and many other things we take for granted.
The image on slide 13 is of a building just a few blocks from our school. Recognize it?
The image on slide 14 is also of a building just a few blocks from our school. Recognize it?
The image on slide 15 is of a building in Washington, DC. It is where our Democracy turns to when it needs an issue concerning our Constitution settled. Recognize it?
The image on slide 16 is of a machine that we have in our cafeteria. Why would the Greeks invent this if they did not have candy bars, potato chips, or bottled water? Or did they?
Slide #17: Sources