AN02bc_A New Nation: The Constitution is Tested in the Courts
Timeline: 18th & 19th C.
FQ: How was the US Constitution shaped by the Supreme Court?
I. Judiciary Act of 1789 (document found at http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/judiciary.html)
A. Established Supreme Court: 1 Chief Justice, 5 Associate Justices
B. District and Circuit Courts
C. Federal Judges appointed for life. Can be impeached.
Federalists (Hamilton) vs. Anti-Federalists (Jefferson, Democratic-Republicans)
Elastic Interpretation vs. Literal Interpretation
II. Pivotal Cases
A. Marbury v. Madison, 1803
B. McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
C. Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824
D. Worcester v. Georgia 1832
Activity: Presentation (iCivics case summary)
–Marbury v. Madison
–Gibbons v. Ogden
III. Pivotal Judges
A. John Jay
B. John Marshall