2. His assassination in the 7th C. eventually divided Muslims into two major groupings: Sunni or Shia.
4. Under the leadership of the Orthodox Caliphs, Islam spread beyond this peninsula for the first time.
8. A manner by which goods and people travel great distances in desolate environments. Trade conducted in this fashion proved lucrative for the Abbasid Caliphate.
9. Capital city of the Abbasid Caliphate.
1. A government whose chief political figure had the title of Caliph.
3. The Caliphate that brought Iberia under Muslim control.
5. Capital city of the Umayyad Caliphate.
6. One name or title for the Caliphate that immediately organized after the death of The Prophet Muhammad. Its first four Caliphs were ‘companions’ of The Prophet.
7. Etymologically and historically the origin of the financial term ‘Check’.
8. Successor to The Prophet Muhammad.