Midterm_HUS-Unit01/02 EVEN

Midterm_HUS-Unit01/02 (EVEN)
America’s Beginning and the Building of a New Nation
Ch.01 – Ch.04/ Ch.05 – Ch.08

(Including associated/ relevant activities & materials.)

Directions:

  • You will record your responses on a scantron sheet using a #2 pencil. If you use a poor quality eraser or your erasure is incomplete, please circle your preferred choice on your scantron using Blue/ Black ink (in anticipation of an error by the scanning machine).
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  • Select the ‘best’ choice from those available. Use the zoom feature of your computer to enlarge text/ graphics on the screen to enhance the user interface.

TRUE/ FALSE: ‘A’ for TRUE. ‘B’ for FALSE.

Use the Chart: Colonial Population Divisions (1700, 1755) (below) for questions in this section.

Chart: Colonial Population Divisions (1700, 1755)

Chart: Colonial Population Divisions (1700, 1755)

1. From 1700 to 1755: We can assume that the “English/ Welsh” raw population numbers dropped.
2. From 1700 to 1755: Diversity of European colonists increased.
3. From 1700 to 1755: Africans as percentage of total population, increased.
4. From 1700 to 1755: We can’t assume that the “Other European” category ‘stayed the same’ in raw population number.

Matching: Match the names below with the description that best reflects the person.
A. Andrew Jackson
B. George Washington
C. Alexander Hamilton
D. John Adams
E. James Madison

5. This individual was the victorious general at the Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812) and practitioner of the “Spoils System”.

6. This individual was without political party affiliation. He was instrumental in keeping political factions from dividing the government on major issues of foreign and domestic policy.

7. This individual was the 2nd President of the US. Negatively associated with the Alien & Sedition Acts.

8. This individual was the driving force in structuring the young nation’s finances. A major initiative was the formation of the Bank of the United States.

Multiple Choice: Choose the item that ‘best’ answers the question or completes the statement.

9. “A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another, there being nothing more evident than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of Nature, and the use of the same faculties, should also be equal one amongst another…” This quote best reflects a core philosophical concept expressed in the…

a. Northwest Ordinance Act
b. The Declaration of Independence
c. US Constitution
d. The Articles of Confederation
e. The US Bill of Rights

10. For which action is Nat Turner well known?
a. leading a violent slave revolt
b. fighting in the American Revolution
c. publishing an antislavery newspaper
d. promoting a nonviolent end to slavery

11. What did the abolition movement promote?
a. relocating black slaves to Africa
b. prohibiting the drinking of alcohol
c. removing Native Americans from eastern states
d. ending the institution of slavery

12. What belief was one important feature of the 2nd Great Awakening?
a. a belief in the truth found in nature
b. a belief in personal responsibility for salvation
c. a belief in a God who decides each person’s fate
d. a belief in the perfection of human beings

13. What term best reflects the 19th-century belief that married women’s activities should be limited to housework and family?
a. feminism
b. temperance
c. the cult of sentiments
d. the cult of domesticity

14. Which of the following did Frederick Douglass NOT do?
a. emigrate to Africa
b. publish a newspaper
c. work as an urban slave
d. lecture on the evils of slavery

15. In which philosophical movement was Ralph Waldo Emerson a leader?
a. Utopianism
b. Unitarianism
c. Humanitarianism
d. Transcendentalism

16. What are Journeymen?
a. Workers who join labor unions
b. Unskilled workers who move from job to job
c. Young workers who are learning a new craft
d. Skilled artisans who venture out seeking employment with master artisans.

17. Which candidate did John Quincy Adams defeat in the controversial election of 1824 (which was decided in the House of Representatives)?
a. Henry Clay
b. James Monroe
c. Daniel Webster
d. Andrew Jackson

18. Which idea is promoted by the concept of ‘Nullification’?
a. nationalism
b. states’ rights
c. judicial review
d. territorial expansion

19. Which group was forcibly relocated during an event that has since been known as the “Trail of Tears”?
a. Mexicans
b. Shoshone
c. African slaves
d. Cherokee

20. Which area did the Monroe Doctrine aim to free from European influence?
a. the Oregon territory
b. the Western Hemisphere
c. North America
d. Texas

21. Which development led to a sharp rise in the number of enslaved peoples in the southern United States and encouraged the expansion of the slave institution?
a. the cotton gin
b. interchangeable parts
c. steam-powered machinery
d. the canal system

22. Which Americans benefited most from the Tariff of 1816?
a. farmers
b. Consumers
c. manufacturers
d. shipping companies

23. Who enthusiastically adopted and exploited the practice of replacing high-ranking members of the Executive branch when a new president takes office?
a. James Monroe
b. Andrew Jackson
c. Martin Van Buren
d. John Quincy Adams

24. Completed in 1825, the Erie Canal connected the Atlantic Ocean with…
a. New York City
b. the Great Lakes
c. the National Road
d. the Mississippi River

25. The War of 1812 had a lasting impact on the United States in that it…
a. demonstrated that the US was ‘equal’ in military strength to the most powerful European nations.
b. revealed the weakness of American “shooting” skills when compared to Europeans.
c. served as an example of American Naval superiority.
d. uncovered military and economic weaknesses of the United States in comparison to European nations.

26. Which of the following was responsible for the United States acquiring Florida?
a. Monroe Doctrine
b. Indian Removal Act
c. Adams-Onis Treaty
d. Missouri Compromise

27. Who suggested that the nation’s capital be moved from New York City to a new city in the South in order to help gain support for his national debt plan?
a. George Washington
b. Alexander Hamilton
c. John Jay
d. Thomas Jefferson

28. Which law created the Supreme Court with a Chief Justice and five associate justices?
a. the Alien Acts
b. the Sedition Act
c. the Judiciary Act of 1789
d. the Judiciary Act of 1801

29. Which event was a response to an unpopular excise tax imposed by the federal government?
a. the Whiskey Rebellion
b. the XYZ Affair
c. Marbury v. Madison
d. the British blockade of the eastern seacoast

30. During John Adams’s presidency, why were Democratic-Republicans outraged by the Alien and Sedition Acts?
a. They believed the laws would draw the United States into foreign wars.
b. They believed the laws violated freedom of speech.
c. They believed the laws would open the gates to French immigrants.
d. They believed the laws would give too much power to the courts.

31. What principle was affirmed in the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison?
a. the right of the citizens to criticize their government
b. the right of the Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
c. the right of Congress to declare war
d. the right of states to nullify an act of Congress that they deem unconstitutional

32. This person, as President, is credited with acquiring and initiating an exploration of the Louisiana Territory.
a. George Washington
b. John Adams
c. Thomas Jefferson
d. James Madison

33. Which of these was a major cause for the United States to go to war with Britain in 1812?
a. Britain was trying to buy the Louisiana Territory.
b. Britain was interfering with U.S. foreign trade.
c. Britain refused to give up its forts in the Northwest Territory.
d. Britain was becoming too friendly with France.

34. At the Battle of Fallen Timbers, US forces defeated Native warriors lead by this man. Native peoples of the Ohio region united into a confederacy under this leader because they saw military conflict as the only way to protect their homeland against white intruders.
a. Tecumseh
b. Little Turtle
c. Pontiac
d. the war hawks

35. Over which of the following issues did the Founding Fathers become divided in the early 1790s?
a. whether African Americans should be given full citizenship
b. whether their was a need for a strong central government.
c. whether the United States should ally itself with France or Britain; each on opposite sides of the French Revolution.
d. whether the United States should expand west of the Mississippi

36. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state’s power in Congress was based on…
a. one vote per state.
b. the state’s size.
c. the state’s total population.
d. the state’s voting population.

37. The Articles of Confederation gave the national government the power to…
a. declare war.
b. collect taxes.
c. regulate foreign trade.
d. regulate interstate trade.

38. From the time of the Declaration of Independence until the ratification of the Constitution, the United States functioned without…
a. courts.
b. an army.
c. a president.
d. State currencies.

39. One of the accomplishments of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was to…
a. set up a plan for surveying western lands.
b. challenge Spain’s claim to the Mississippi River.
c. transfer ownership of western lands from states to the national government.
d. establish requirements for admitting new states to the Union.

40. Shays’s Rebellion was a protest by farmers who faced problems from…
a. an oversupply of paper currency.
b. debts they owed to creditors.
c. debts owed to them by Congress.
d. debts owed to them by the state of Massachusetts.

41. The Great Compromise was an agreement about how to…
a. ratify the Constitution.
b. count slaves in determining population.
c. determine a state’s representation in Congress.
d. divide powers between the states and the central government.

42. The system that maintains the separation of powers among the branches of the federal government is called…
a. reserved powers.
b. delegated powers.
c. checks and balances.
d. a bicameral legislature.

43. The number of states needed to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect was…
a. seven.
b. nine.
c. eleven.
d. thirteen.

44. Adding a bill of rights to the Constitution was largely supported by the…
a. small states.
b. large states.
c. Federalists.
d. Antifederalists.

45. All of the following men wrote letters contained in The Federalist EXCEPT…
a. John Jay.
b. Patrick Henry.
c. James Madison.
d. Alexander Hamilton.

46. Henry Clay’s “American System” can be viewed as a “Nationalistic” plan because it…
a. required that all immigrants acquire citizenship within a specified amount of time or risk deportation.
b. added tariffs on all imported goods while simultaneously reducing excise taxes on domestic goods.
c. economically tied all ‘sections’ of the nation into interdependent relationships.
d. restricted access to manufacturing and agricultural jobs to citizens.

47. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau represent the literary and activist branches of this 19th C. movement in the US…
a. Temperance
b. Transcendentalism
c. Abolitionism
d. Utopian Communities

48. Which group commonly worked as strikebreakers for low wages?
a. young women
b. free blacks
c. Irish immigrants
d. temperance workers

Maps: Use the map below for questions 49 – 53.

49. Which region was affected by the Land Ordinance of 1785?
a. Northwest Territory
b. Spanish Territory
c. Pennsylvania
d. Virginia

50. An enlarged area of which state is divided into townships on this map?
a. Indiana
b. Illinois
c. Ohio
d. Michigan

51. How long is a township on each side?
a. 1 mile
b. 6 miles
c. 36 miles
d. 160 miles

52. Into how many sections is each township divided?
a. 18
b. 24
c. 30
d. 36

53. What does this map show?
a. how land was annexed
b. how land was divided
c. how land was priced
d. how land was farmed

Map_Land Ordinance 1785

Map_Land Ordinance 1785

Matching (Part B): Match the names below with the description that best reflects the person.
A. Eli Whitney
B. Thomas Jefferson
C. John C. Calhoun
D. Henry Clay
E. James Madison

54. This person was chronicler of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.

55. This person was instrumental in the acquisition of territory later to be called “Louisiana Territory”. He was a leading Democratic Republican.

Multiple Choice (Part B)

56. The period following the War of 1812 witnessed significant change in American Society. The lopsided contest between Britain and the US revealed the need for significant change/ reform. Along with those changes, a movement developed to address the needs and injustices that many Americans long suffered with. Which of these areas of ‘need’/ injustice did the Grimke sisters make their mark?
a. Asylums/ Prisons
b. Sanitation
c. Alcohol Abuse
d. Women’s Political Equality and Slavery

57. This 19th C. movement centered on educating people on the ‘evils’ of alcohol consumption and abuse. It’s goal was the elimination of such consumption.
a. Transcendentalism
b. The 2nd Great Awakening
c. Abolition
d. Temperance

58. “The North Star” is a periodical associated directly with which Abolitionist?
a. Frederick Douglass
b. Martin Van Buren
c. William Lloyd Garrison
d. Sojourner Truth

59. Which was NOT a goal, aim, or outcome of the 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts?
a. diminish the threat to the government from domestic saboteurs
b. Raised residence requirements for citizenship
c. Deprived the President the authority to deport/ jail undesirable aliens (non-citizens).
d. Fines/ Jail for anyone hindering government actions by spreading malicious information

60. “Null and Void” refers to the…
a. Presidential elections that result in a ‘draw’ within the Electoral College.
b. French seizure of American ships & refusal to accept American ambassadors.
c. State dissatisfaction with Federal Laws.
d. XYZ Affair

61. As factions, later to become the foundations of our political parties, developed during G. Washington’s presidency, they reflected the deep divisions between the founding fathers. Of the ‘positions’ listed below, select the item that represent the Federalist view.
a. Fear of Absolute power
b. Limited National Gov’t/ Stronger State Gov’t
c. Strict Interpretation of Constitution
d. National Bank

62. As factions, later to become the foundations of our political parties, developed during G. Washington’s presidency, they reflected the deep divisions between the founding fathers. Of the ‘positions’ listed below, select the item that represent the Anti-Federalist (Democratic-Republican) view.
a. Strong Fed. Gov’t
b. Laissez-Faire
c. Fear of Mob Rule
d. Need for well educated ruling elite

63. The structure of a ‘new’ government being debated in Philadelphia, Pa. from May through September of 1787 generated fear among the State representatives present. To many of them, at stake were the principles of the Declaration of Independence. The outcome was a governmental blueprint that attempted to address the concerns and aspirations of all the Founders, without fully satisfying any of them. In the spirit of ‘compromise’, to which category (listed below) would you connect “The Electoral College”?
a. The Great Compromise
b. Three-Fifths Compromise
c. Federalism/ Federal System
d. Separation of Powers
e. Selection of a President

64. The structure of a ‘new’ government being debated in Philadelphia, Pa. from May through September of 1787 generated fear among the State representatives present. To many of them, at stake were the principles of the Declaration of Independence. The outcome was a governmental blueprint that attempted to address the concerns and aspirations of all the Founders, without fully satisfying any of them. In the spirit of ‘compromise’, to which category (listed below) would you connect “Formalizing a relationship between the State and Central government through which distinct protections are granted via a dual citizenship for citizens”?
a. The Great Compromise
b. Three-Fifths Compromise
c. Federalism/ Federal System
d. Separation of Powers
e. Selection of a President

65. Shay’s Rebellion partially resulted from…
a. British loyalists who did not get compensated for property lost during the Revolutionary War.
b. African-American slaves who were falsely charged with plotting the murders of their masters.
c. Excise taxes applied to the distillation of Whiskey.
d. Former Revolutionary War veterans who were owed money, and generally not fully compensated, for their service during the war.

Ans. Key