T03_HUS-Unit03 (Even)

T03_HUS
Unit03 (Ch.09 – 12)

An Era of Growth and Disunion

Note: You will record your responses on a scantron sheet using a #2 pencil. If you use a poor quality eraser or your erasure is incomplete, please circle your preferred choice on your scantron using Blue/ Black ink (in anticipation of an error by the scanning machine). 

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Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. Horace Greeley
b. Clara Barton
c. Thaddeus Stevens
d. Edwin Stanton
e. Abraham Lincoln

1. president who favored the lenient Ten-Percent Plan for Reconstruction
2. secretary of war whose firing led to Andrew Johnson’s impeachment
3. New York Tribune editor and noted abolitionist. Ran against Grant in 1872 presidential election
4. House representative who was the leader of the Radical Republicans
5. Union nurse who cared for the sick and wounded on the front lines

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. William T. Sherman
b. Robert E. Lee
c. Jefferson Davis
d. Ulysses S.Grant
e. John Wilkes Booth

6. Southern sympathizer and actor who assassinated President Lincoln
7. hero at Vicksburg who became commander of all Union armies in 1864
8. Union commander who burned a path of destruction through Georgia
9. president of the Confederacy
10. Confederate commander who sided with his beloved state of Virginia

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. Andrew Johnson
b. Fourteenth Amendment
c. Freedmen’s Bureau
d. Ulysses S. Grant
e. Reconstruction Act

11. In 1867, Congress passed this law. Abolishing the governments formed in the former Confederate states and dividing those states into five military districts.
12. In 1865, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln brings this person to the presidency.
13. In 1865, Congress votes to expand this, which assists former slaves by providing clothing and food.
14. In 1866, Congress passes this, giving African Americans citizenship.
15. In 1868, he is elected president. After the election, the Radical Republicans in Congress, fearing that Southern whites might try to place limits on African-American voting rights, introduce legislation that states that no one can be kept from voting because of race, color, or having been enslaved.

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. Shiloh
b. Anaconda plan
c. Antietam
d. Bull Run
e. Fort Sumter

16. This called for a three-part assault to divide the Confederacy and execute a naval blockade.
17. This battle was the bloodiest single-day battle in U.S. history. Barely a Union victory, it was enough to encourage Pres. Lincoln to issue the ‘preliminary’ Emancipation Proclamation in September, 1862.
18. This battle, the first battle of the war, took place between inexperienced troops and resulted in a Confederate victory.
19. Although President Lincoln decided merely to send in “food for hungry men, ” President Davis decided that the war should begin here.
20. This bloody battle, in which Confederate forces took Union forces by surprise, taught both sides about the necessity of sending out scouts, digging trenches, and building fortifications.

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. George Meade
b. Stonewall Jackson
c. David G. Farragut
d. Winfield Scott
e. George McClellan

21. This Confederate general earned his nickname by holding up well under stressful battle conditions.
22. After seizing New Orleans, this Union admiral took control of much of the lower Mississippi, helping the Union to achieve its goal of cutting the Confederacy in two.
23. This Union general spent more time preparing the Army of the Potomac for battle and less time actually leading the army into battle than President Lincoln would have liked.
24. Commander of the victorious Union forces at the Battle of Gettysburg.
25. Ranking officer of the United States Army in 1860. Hero of the Mexican War.

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. Gatling Gun
b. Ironclads
c. Rifling
d. Repeating Rifle

26. The name given to metal-covered wooden ships that were being built and employed by the North and the
South. The CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) was an example of this.
27. Spiral groove etched on the inner surface of the barrel of a firearm. The groove imparted a spin on the
projectile, thus making it stable in flight and highly accurate.
28. This weapon was an advancement because it permitted bullets to be preloaded and thus reduce the time
to fire multiple times before needing to reload.
29. This gun showcased a major advancement in how rounds (bullets) were fed into the weapon. The gun was able to rapidly fire many rounds of ammunition merely by cranking a lever.

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. 2nd Inaugural Address
b. Emancipation Proclamation
c. Gettysburg Address
d. 1st Inaugural Address

30. Lincoln expresses why he is charged to preserve the Union. The South has nothing to fear from him and
should not become enemies.
31. Lincoln expresses his vision of a nation that is rededicated to a fundemental principle enshrined in the Declaration of Independence.
32. Lincoln attempts to uncover the ‘Will’ of God in the devastation wrought by war. He wishes to mend the
wounds of a nation torn by war.
33. Lincoln exercises his war powers as Commander-In-Chief to weaken the Confederacy and strengthen the
Union’s cause by suggesting that Negro soldiers will be part of the Union Army.

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. Associated with Lincoln
b. Associated with Johnson
c. Associated with Radical Republicans

34. Attempted to reintegrate the former rebellious states into the Union, but often obstructed attempts to
safeguard the rights of the newly freed slaves.
35. Wished to reintegrate the former rebellious states into the Union on harsh terms. More akin to the
occupation of a conquered enemy.
36. Intended to reintegrate the former rebellious states into the Union on terms that were mild. This included a loyalty oath to be taken by only a fraction of the 1860 voting population.

Chronology: Identify which item occurred first by selecting ‘A’, occurred second by selecting “B”, etc…
37. Battle of Gettysburg
38. Battle of Antietam
39. 1st Battle of Bull Run
40. Sherman’s March to the Sea
41. Appomattox Court House Meeting

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. Impeach
b. Reconstruction
c. Proclamation
d. Radical
e. Address

42. A plan of reintegration.
43. To make a formal charge of impropriety.
44. An edict or announcement carrying the authoritativeness of law.

45. What does the slogan “Fifty-Four Forty or Fight” refer to?
a. southern boundary of the Oregon Territory
b. northern boundary of present-day Oregon
c. northern boundary of the Oregon Territory
d. southern boundary of Texas

46. One reason for the continued westward movement of the Mormons was…
a. antagonistic neighbors.
b. hatred of Native peoples
c. the availability of slave labor
d. the persecution by followers of Black Hawk

47. Within the United States, conflicts over this issue delayed the annexation of Texas.
a. its price
b. its boundaries
c. the mission system
d. balance of free vs. slave states

48. Which event contributed most in raising California’s population over a short period of time?
a. the gold rush
b. the Treaty of Fort Laramie
c. the invention of the steel plow
d. the war with Mexico

49. “Simultaneity” is an achievement of this period in US History and is best associated with…
a. Capitalism
b. Railroads
c. Westward Expansion
d. the Telegraph

50. The period of 1825 – 1847 witnesses an economic explosion that transforms US citizens from local producers to…
a. Western Settlers
b. Consumers
c. Tejanos
d. Whigs

51. Prior to this period in US History (1825 – 1865), which of these circumstances will hinder Railroad efficiency the most?
a. Shortage of coal
b. Inability to acquire “Rights of Way”
c. Widespread variation in “local times”
d. Native American land disputes

52. “Ordained by God to migrate Westward” is a statement best associated with which phrase?
a. Fifty-Four Forty or Fight
b. Manifest Destiny
c. Remember the Alamo
d. Tippicanoe & Tyler Too

53. Industrialization in the early 19th century led to all of the following EXCEPT…
a. specialization
b. individual self-sufficiency.
c. lower prices for manufactured products.
d. widening differences between North and South.

54. “Fifty-Four Forty or Fight” referred to a boundary dispute between the United States and…
a. Spain.
b. Mexico.
c. Great Britain.
d. the Sauk and Fox.

55. Under Mexican rule, the main appeal Texas held for American settlers was…
a. cheap land.
b. legalized slavery.
c. religious freedom.
d. government protection from Native Americans.

56. Of the following, the man most in favor of seizing land from Mexico was…
a. James K. Polk.
b. Daniel Webster.
c. John C. Calhoun.
d. Abraham Lincoln.

57. The battle most responsible for motivating Texans to win their independence from Mexico took place…
a. at the Alamo.
b. at Buena Vista.
c. near the Rio Grande.
d. near the San Jacinto River.

58. The inventor of a new rubber product that didn’t freeze or melt was…
a. Elias Howe.
b. Charles Goodyear.
c. Robert Fulton.
d. Samuel F. B. Morse.

59. The inventor of a mechanical reaper that did the work of five farm workers was…
a. John Deere.
b. I. M. Singer.
c. John C. Frémont.
d. Cyrus McCormick.

60. Which of the following improved during the first half of the 19th century?
a. working conditions for factory workers
b. the standard of living for the average American
c. the relationship between the North and the South
d. the relationships between American settlers and Native Americans

61. Which group played a major role in the settling of the American West?
a. the Mormons
b. the abolitionists
c. the Kiowa
d. free blacks

Matching: Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description.
a. Brigham Young
b. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
c. Winfield Scott
d. Joseph Smith
e. Abraham Lincoln

62. Representative in Congress who opposes Pres. Polk’s claim that the Rio Grande is the proper Texan border.
63. Founder of the Mormon Church.
64. Community leader who completes the Mormon migration westward. The New York to Utah trail was full of hardship and sadness.
65. Major player in the Battle of the Alamo, where all the defenders were killed.
66. Commanding general of US forces in the Mexican War.

67. This speech was one of Abraham Lincoln’s early (1838) and revealing efforts, while living in Springfield, Ill. In it, he details his views on the role of law and the nation’s current political path.
a. 1st Inaugural
b. Cooper Union.
c. Young Mens’ Lyceum
d. Lincoln-Douglas Debate.

68. After careful analysis, which of these documents would you believe Abraham Lincoln gave greater weight regarding the guiding principals of the United States?
a. Declaration of Independence.
b. Articles of Confederation.
c. Northwest Ordinance Act.
d. US Constitution.

69. In the speech given by John Brown before a Virginia Court in 1859, he was defending himself after being arrested for…
a. Instigating “Bleeding Kansas”
b. Leading a rampage against poor negro slaves.
c. raiding Harper’s Ferry Arsenal.
d. establishing the Ku Klux Klan (KKK).

70. John Brown viewed slavery as a…
a. Moral evil.
b. political problem.
c. a necessary social evil.
d. economic necessity

Ans. Key