T01_HGS-Unit00/ 01a (EVEN)

T01_HGS
Unit00/ 01a (Ch.01, 02)

The Study of History, Human Origins, & Rise of Civilizations

Note: You will record your responses on a scantron sheet using a #2 pencil. If you use a poor quality eraser or your erasure is incomplete, please circle your preferred choice on your scantron using Blue/ Black ink (in anticipation of an error by the scanning machine).

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Directions: Select the ‘best’ choice from those available. Use the zoom feature of your computer to enlarge text/ graphics on the screen to enhance the user interface.

I. TRUE/ FALSE: Identify the statement as True or False by selecting “A” for “TRUE” or “B” for “FALSE”.

1. The Neolithic Age was marked by increased refinement of stone tools, development of agriculture, and abandonment of a Hunter-Gatherer lifestyle.

2. Culture A meets Culture B and produces Culture AB. This is best defined as Anthropomorphism.

3. Historical Themes allow us to divide the study of History into smaller, more manageable parts.

4. ‘Higher’ Latitudes generally experience lower climatic temperatures.

5. The Earth is divided into hemispheres by the Equator and the Prime Meridian.

6. The Prime Meridian marks the start and finish of the time segments our planet is divided into.

7. The Equator is a line that connects the peaks of mountains that stretch along the Earth’s circumference.

8. All maps suffer from distortion. Three-dimensional objects illustrated on a two-dimensional space is largely to blame.

9. While the Prime Meridian is a ‘Longitude’, the Equator is a ‘Latitude’.

10. Eurasia is a term often applied to the continents of Europe and Asia because, unlike the other continents, they are not separated by a body of water.

11. The Climate of areas South of the Equator are expected to be warmer than climates of areas North of the Equator.

12. Myths are stories that have never been written-down and proven to be false by scientists.

13. New Stone Age is best represented by the term Paleolithic.

14. ‘Customs’ and ‘traditions’ are elements of Human genealogy.

15. ‘Supernatural’ beings in myths often have anthropomorphic qualities.

16. Migrations out of Africa eventually stretched over the entire globe. As the Neolithic Age arrived, these migrations halted in several areas as people found ideal places to settle. These places were well suited for growing the grasses (grains) that that thrived in the warmer/ drier climate of the post-Ice Age.

17. The domestication of animals, as well as plants, were changes that marked the Neolithic Revolution.

18. One of the earliest crops to be cultivated by humans was Wheat.

II. Matching: Match the terms below with the appropriate description.
a. Rain Forest
b. Good
c. Region
d. Resources
e. Supply

19. Unlike a ‘service’, this category of products is a physical item.
20. Materials, often natural, that can be put to use by people.
21. An area of the Earth where people share common cultural traits.
22. The environmental condition that develops from an annual precipitation of at least 180 inches.

Matching: Match the terms below with the appropriate description.
a. Chronology
b. BCE
c. AH
d. AD
e. “Age” as in Bronze Age

23. A religious time designation indicating the time since the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) journeyed from Mecca to Madinah.
24. A time designation that removes the religious reference in marking time passage. It’s date still correlates to the religious calendar.
25. A period of time that witnessed the development and employment of a particular technology by a society.
26. The study of ‘time’.

Matching: Match the terms below with the appropriate description.
a. Analysis
b. Evidence
c. Oral Tradition
d. Research
e. Context

27. The process of gathering data that will later be used to form/ support an argument.
28. This term represents several steps a scholar would perform to understand the data they have gathered. It can serve as a ‘filter’, separating valid information from the faulty.
29. A method of transmitting information from generation to generation by word-of-mouth. Though not perfect, it can be a valuable source of evidence.
30. The facts that eventually become the supportive elements in an argument.
31. The three components of this term are so impactful in the study of history that any change in one of them will cause a change in how the events developed.

III. Multiple Choice: Please identify the ‘best’ answer by selecting a ‘letter’ choice on your scantron sheet.

32. Which of the following does NOT represent a Hominin?
a. Australopithecines
b. Homo Neanderthalensis.
c. Homo Erectus.
d. Homo Habilis.

33. Rocks (stones), organic matter, and ceramics are forms of artifacts found at archaeological excavation sites. Which of these dating methods are appropriately matched with an artifact category?
a. Measuring the variety of minerals in organic materials.
b. Measuring Carbon-14 levels in organic materials.
c. Measuring Carbon-14 levels in stones.
d. Measuring density since denser bones or rocks are older.

34. ‘Specie’, as a term used in the study of history, is a…
a. Category of plant or animal life.
b. Currency
c. Medium of Exchange
d. Low value item with little cultural or intrinsic worth.

35. Latitude lines are drawn on a map to measure…
a. Elevation above the Equator.
b. Depth below the Equator
c. Distance from the Equator.
d. Temperature at or near the Equator.

36. The height above sea level of any land feature, usually measured in feet, is a definition of:
a. Topography
b. Elevation
c. Hemisphere
d. Globe

37. Mountains, Plateaus, and Plains are examples of…
a. Tectonic Plate movements.
b. Context
c. Topographic Features.
d. Regional Features.

38. Climatic conditions may be significantly affected by…
a. Weather
b. Topography
c. Longitude Lines
d. Cultural Values

39. Which prehuman is chronologically earlier than the rest?
a. Homo Erectus
b. Homo Habilis
c. Homo Sapien
d. Australopithecus

40. Generally, what happens to the temperature the farther away from the Equator you travel?
a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Stays the same
d. Changes only with longitude.

41. Research, and the work it produces, can serve several purposes. Among these is…
a. Expand an individual’s personal knowledge.
b. Inform the public.
c. Establish a new ‘base’ from which future researchers can begin their work.
d. All are accurate.

42. A trait of Hominids is…
a. that all members of this group are in the direct line of evolution leading to Homo Sapiens.
b. the Bipedal mode of locomotion.
c. their ability to manufacture refined stoned tools (like those of the Neolithic Era).
d. All are traits of all Hominids.

43. The ‘natural’ force which aids the identification of the “best adapted” creature is often referred to in science as…
a. Anthropomorphism
b. Transcendentalism
c. Natural Selection
d. Evolution

44. Homo Erectus was able to migrate out of Africa for several reasons. One of these has to be that it…
a. was the strongest of the ‘Homo’ group of prehumans.
b. was a hominid
c. built the first sailing vessels.
d. tamed ‘fire’ as a tool.

45. An Anthropologist would focus his/ her studies on…
a. Rocks & Minerals.
b. Fossil remains of prehistoric plants.
c. Ancient animal life (often extinct).
d. Physical and social development of Humans, past and present.

46. A significant cultural advancement made by Homo Neanderthalensis was…
a. Walking erect.
b. Use of an opposable thumb.
c. Control/ Use of fire.
d. Understanding of an “after-life”.

47. A significant technological advancement made by Homo Erectus was…
a. Walking erect.
b. Use of an opposable thumb.
c. Control & use of fire.
d. Migrating out of the African continent.

48. The most famous family in the field of Human Archaeology & Anthropology were the…
a. Leakey
b. Wheeler
c. Neanderthals
d. Prescott

49. Unlike modern humans, Homo Neanderthalensis appears to have evolved in…
a. Europe
b. Australia
c. Asia
d. Africa

50. The Neolithic Age is a period marked by the…
a. increased use of newer metal tools.
b. abandonment of stone for tool making and replacing it with Bronze.
c. increased use of crudely shaped stone tools.
d. None of the above.

Ans. Key

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