T01_HGS-Unit01 Test (ODD)

T01_HGS-Unit01 Test (ODD)
Unit01 (Ch.01 – Ch.04): Beginnings of Civilization

Including all associated activities.

Directions:

  • You will record your responses on a scantron sheet using a #2 pencil. Please circle your selection on your scantron using Blue/ Black ink (after using pencil to fill-in oval).
  • If you navigate away from this webpage or close the tab, you may be logged-out and will have to re-enter a NEW password. The original password is automatically changed after logging-in the first time.
  • You must have ONE TAB/ WINDOW open to display this exam. Another TAB/ WINDOW must be opened to display the digital maps you were instructed to use. NO OTHER TAB/ WINDOW OR FILE CAN BE OPEN OR HIDDEN/ minimized.
  • Select the ‘best’ choice from those available. Use the zoom feature of your computer to enlarge text/ graphics on the screen to enhance the user interface.
  • You may use your digital maps throughout the exam, not just for the Map-specific questions.

Matching I: Use choices A – E to match with numbered items in this section.

A. Nile River
B. Tigris-Euphrates Rivers
C. Huang He (Yellow River)
D. Indus River
E. Xi River

1. Located in South Asia. Nurtured the Harappan civilization.

2. Located in Southwest Asia. Nurtured the Sumerian civilization.

3. Located in North Africa. Nurtured the Egyptian civilization.

4. Located in East Asia. Nurtured the peoples and society that will ultimately become the Chinese civilization.

Matching II: Use choices A – D to match with numbered items in this section.

a. Timeline divided into Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms.
b. Developed adaptions to climatic conditions like Monsoons.
c. Ultimately developed concepts like: Mandate of Heaven, Dynastic Cycle.
d. Developed adaptions to unpredictable flooding of the Tigris-Euphrates rivers.

5. Huang He civilization
6. Ancient Egypt
7. Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan)
8. Mesopotamian Civilizations

True/ False: Determine whether the terms on the left are appropriately defined by the statement to its right. (‘A’ for TRUE, ‘B’ for FALSE)

9. Reincarnation => An epic tale within the Mahabharata.

10. Karma => A Hindu’s duty and/ or responsibility as traditionally set for his/ her caste.

11. Siddhartha Gautama => Best expressed as “transmigration of the soul”. The re-location of a soul from one earthly being to another.

12. Enlightenment => A soul’s fate or destiny. It’s determined by a lifetime’s worth of attention to caste duties and responsibilities.

13. Nirvana => Is a specific job/ occupation within a Varna.

14. Four Noble Truths=> Is four distinct realities concerning the nature of Brahma.

Identify: Select ‘A’ if the concept applies to Hinduism. Select ‘B’ if the concept applies to Buddhism. Select ‘C’ if the concept applies to both Hinduism and Buddhism.

15. Four Noble Truths
16. Dharma
17. Caste
18. Nirvana
19. Karma

Maps I: Referring to this map, respond to the questions in this section.

SW Map

Southwest Asia Map

20. Icon Square #7 is pointing to…
a. Ur
b. Babylon
c. Baghdad
d. Nineveh

21. Icon Square #5 is pointing to…
a. Catal Huyuk
b. Sumer
c. Fertile Crescent
d. Canaan

22. Icon Triangle #8 is pointing to…
a. Nile Delta
b. Tigris Riv.
c. Euphrates Riv.
d. Persian Gulf

Maps II (South Asia): True/ False– Use your map of South Asia to complete this section. (‘A’ for TRUE, ‘B’ for FALSE)

23. A river vitally important to the Indus Valley peoples is today found within the borders of modern Bangladesh.
24. The Bay of Bengal is the source of the Ganges River.
25. Summer Monsoon winds blow across the Subcontinent toward the Arabian Sea.

Maps III (China): True/ False– Use your map of Ancient China to complete this section. (‘A’ for TRUE, ‘B’ for FALSE)

26. China’s three major rivers flow from East to West.
27. The artificial structure built to facilitate North – South travel between two great capital cities is The Great Wall.
28. The Tibetan Plateau exists between the Yangtze and Xi Rivers.

Maps IV (Egypt): True/ False– Use your map of Ancient Egypt to complete this section. (‘A’ for TRUE, ‘B’ for FALSE)

29. Lower Egypt is that area closest to the Nile’s Source.
30. The ancient capital of Upper Egypt is Memphis.
31. Nubia (Kush) lies North of the 1st Cataract.

For the next three questions use this map Of the World. Match the appropriate number on the map with the civilization that developed there.

Annotated Globe

32. Huang-He River Valley Civilization.
33. Tigris-Euphrates River Valley Civilizations. Mesopotamia/ Fertile Crescent
34. Indus River Valley Civilization.

Maps (Egypt): – Use this map of Ancient Egypt to complete this section.

Ancient Egypt

35. This city is famous for preserving a piece of basalt rock containing script that would eventually allow historians to decipher the ancient Egyptian language.

36. This water region marks the end of the Nile River. It is dominated by low elevation and flood plains.

Maps (South Asia): – Use this map of South Asia to complete this section.

SouthAsia

37. Which arrow best represents the water-laden June-Sept. Monsoons?

Multiple Choice

38. One characteristic of Judaism that was significantly different from many Mesopotamian faiths was that it was…

a. Nature based.
b. Polytheistic
c. Monotheistic
d. Led by divinely chosen figures.

39. An important facet of Judaism is the dependence on individuals who are tasked to be ‘messengers’ of God. They are called…

a. Pharaohs
b. Prophets
c. Scribes
d. Magistrates

40. A religious text closely associated with the fundamental beliefs of Judaism is the…
a. Torah
b. Upanishads
c. Bhagavad-Gita
d. Mahabharata

41. This person IS NOT a central religious figure in the accounts within the Hebrew Bible…
a. Moses
b. Abraham
c. King David
d. Siddartha Gautama

42. The Hebrews came to settle this area after being led by Abraham.
a. Canaan
b. Mesopotamia
c. Anatolia
d. Caucasus

43. A lasting contribution by the seafaring peoples of the 2nd Millennium BCE is…
a. Technological advances surpassing land-based civilizations
b. Massive Public Works (eg. Large Tombs, Expansive Stone Temples)
c. Aided the diffusion of many cultures they encountered.
d. All are appropriate contributions

44. All apply to the Minoans, EXCEPT…
a. Island-based civilization
b. Helped spread the foundation for our modern ‘alphabet’.
c. Artifacts indicate they enjoyed athletic competition
d. May have collapsed following a natural disaster

45. Which of the following traits of the Mediterranean basin WAS NOT influential in the development of seafaring civilizations in the region?

a. Fresh water sources from the sea for the irrigation of crops.
b. Large resource-rich islands capable of supporting colonies and providing sailors with a place to rest on long voyages.
c. Access to and contact with three continents and multiple climatic regions.
d. Long coastlines and peninsulas enabling easy access to the sea.

46. Historians have concluded that the Minoan civilization declined at least partly due to…
a. an invasion by outside forces from the mainland.
b. crop failures that starved the population of Sparta.
c. natural disasters that caused extensive damage.
d. the lavish spending of King Minos who bankrupted the kingdom.

47. The Phoenicians were…
a. a unified people with strong kings determined to expand their land-based empires.
b. responsible for the decline of Minoan civilization through commercial competition and conquest.
c. a seafaring people that established city-states along the Mediterranean Basin, often in commercial competition with each other.
d. an ancient river-valley civilization.

48. All of the following statements about the Phoenician alphabet are true EXCEPT…
a. It’s development aided Phoenicians in recording trade/ commercial transactions.
b. It was the first ideographic writing system.
c. Its simplicity enabled other societies to learn and adapt it for their own use.
d. Many modern ‘Western’ languages depend heavily on it.

49. The legendary figure Narmer is famous for being…
a. a boy king.
b. an inventor.
c. the Egyptian sun god
d. first ruler of a united Egypt.

50. The hunter-gatherer way of life…
a. followed the Neolithic Revolution.
b. was entirely vegetarian (lacked animal protein in the diet).
c. resulted in permanent settlements.
d. emphasized frequent movement in search of food.

51. The Neolithic Period refers to an era in time when modern humans…
a. mastered fire.
b. developed an agricultural and sedentary lifestyle.
c. migrated from Africa.
d. began organizing into small, nomadic, family groups

52. The Code of Hammurabi was the basis of which legal system?
a. Assyrian
b. Sumerian
c. Akkadian
d. Babylonian

53. Which ancient writing system is NOT correctly paired with the civilization that developed or contributed to it?

a. Hieroglyphics – Chaldeans
b. Alphabet – Phoenicians
c. Cuneiform – Sumerians
d. All are correctly paired.

54. Kings of the Sumerian civilization were generally…
a. divinely chosen
b. gods themselves
c. elected for life-long terms
d. emperors of southern Mesopotamian empires

55. Hammurabi chose to record his law code on stone stele (an inscribed stone monument). This is advantageous for any empire because it…

a. improved the enforcement of laws since it reduced alterations and misinterpretation.
b. permitted efficient legal administration over great distances.
c. ensured consistent justice regardless of the distance from the capital.
d. All are appropriate.

56. Sumerian Civilization was organized into…
a. A kingdom composed of many city-states.
b. Independent city-states.
c. One empire of many kingdoms.
d. One city-state with many kingdoms.

57. The fossil record reveals that the technological advancement of controlling and using ‘Fire’ was first achieved by …
a. Australopithecus
b. Homo Sapien
c. Homo Erectus
d. Homo Neanderthalensis

58. Unlike Homo Sapiens, physical evidence suggests that Homo Neanderthalensis evolved in…
a. Europe/ Central Asia
b. Australia
c. Great Rift Valley of Ethiopia
d. Africa

59. The prefix “homo” as in “Homo Habilis” means…
a. Bipedal
b. Thinking
c. Man
d. Hominid

60. According to human evolutionary theory, which is a physical characteristic that can’t be supported by the fossil record?
a. Increasing height
b. Increasing brain size
c. Bone thickness (Robustness)
d. ‘Eye’ color

61. Australopithecines were bipedal. Therefore, they are included in the category of…
a. Hominid
b. Neanderthalensis
c. Homo
d. Sapien

62. The oldest fossils discovered of Homo Sapiens were found in…
a. Asia
b. Mesoamerica
c. Europe
d. Africa

Matching III: Use choices A – E to match with numbered items in this section.

a. Topographic feature: High Elevation with a flat top.
b. Topographic feature: Low precipitation leading to arid conditions.
c. Topographic feature: dry grasslands stretching across Central Asia.
d. Topographic feature: High elevation with a peak.
e. Movements of a people from one place or region to another.

63. Steppes
64. Plateau
65. Desert
66. Mountain

Matching IV: Use choices A – E to match with numbered items in this section.

a. Descendants of Indo-European migration. Ultimately settled and developed into a civilization on Anatolia/ Asia Minor.
b. Oldest sacred texts of the Hindu faith. Originally comprised as hymns.
c. The Hindu social hierarchy heavily influenced by religious beliefs.
d. Sacred Hindu text comprised of epics (lengthy stories). Bhagavad-Gita is one of these epics.
e. Descendants of Indo-European migration. Ultimately settled and developed within South Asia.

67. Mahabharata
68. Aryans
69. Caste
70. Vedas

Matching V: Use choices A – E to match with numbered items in this section.

A. Darius
B. Cyrus
C. Nebuchadnezzar
D. Akhenaton
E. Ramses II

71. New Kingdom pharaoh known as Egypt’s greatest builder. Biblically important as Moses’ opponent.

72. Persian king who resuscitated the empire by quelling revolts and expanding the borders. His military power and efficient administration, however, did not help him in conquering Greece, his greatest failure.

73. He allowed the Israelites to return to Canaan, ending the Babylonian Captivity. This was the legacy of this Persian king; tolerance towards the conquered peoples within the empire.

74. King of the 2nd Babylonian Empire (Chaldeans). Creator of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

75. New Kingdom Egyptian pharaoh that created significant social instability when he attempted to institute a monotheistic faith centered on ‘Sun’ worship.