Midterm_HUS-Unit05 through Unit06: Ch.17 – Ch.23 (EVEN)

Midterm_HUS-Unit05 through Unit06: Ch.17 – Ch.23 (EVEN)

1. Lincoln Steffens’s The Shame of the Cities and Ida Tarbell’s The History of the Standard Oil Company are examples of the use of…
a. the Gospel of Wealth
b. the melting pot theory
c. Social Darwinism
d. muckraking

2. The United States did not join the League of Nations or ratify the Treaty of Versailles because…
a. they refused to keep Germany divided after WWI.
b. there were reservations to the idea of making alliances with foreign nations.
c. the United States did not want to donate troops to the League of Nations army.
d. unrestricted use of German submarine warfare.

Use the statement, below, plus your knowledge of Social Studies to respond to the question that follows.

…the policy of the government of the United States is to seek a solution which may bring about permanent safety and peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial and administrative entity, protect all rights guaranteed to friendly powers by treaty and international law, and safeguard for the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese Empire….

— Secretary of State John Hay, Circular Letter, July 3, 1900

3. This excerpt from John Hay’s Circular Letter became part of the…
a. Open Door policy
b. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
c. policy of Dollar Diplomacy
d. Kellogg-Briand Pact

4. An example of the limits of the Progressive Movement can be found in…
a. the abandonment of the gold standard
b. Wilson’s executive order to segregate federal government buildings
c. Wilson not signing federal anti-lynching legislation
d. the creation of the Federal Reserve
e. choices B & C

5. Progressive Republicans looked to Teddy Roosevelt in the 1912 election because…
a. Populists were poised to take a number of votes from the party
b. Taft had abandoned them during his term
c. conservative Republicans were going to run Eugene V. Debs
d. Taft refused to intervene in the coal strike
e. Roosevelt promised to keep the US out of war

6. As a precursor to the economic woes of the Great Depression, which of the following increased in the 1920s?
a. farmers’ debts
b. prices for farm products
c. foreign demand for U.S. farm products
d. domestic demand for U.S. farm products

7. The 1920’s Harlem Renaissance refers to a…
a. struggle for civil rights led by the NAACP.
b. population increase in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City.
c. program to promote African-American owned businesses.
d. flourishing of African-American culture, especially in literature and art.

8. What was one characteristic of American imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
a. avoiding involvement with nations in East Asia
b. supporting independence movements in Africa
c. rejecting the use of military force to gain
d. acquiring territory to promote economic and
strategic interests

9. Which of the following best illustrates a historiographical interpretation of the legacy of FDR’s New Deal?
a. Some historians argue that FDR’s New Deal programs paved the way for Hitler’s rise to power in Germany, while other historians argue that the New Deal was a plot by FDR to convert America to a socialist state.
b. Some historians argue that FDR was more interested in accumulating wealth and prestige rather than trying to fix the economy during the Great Depression.
c. Some historians argue that without the New Deal, the American economy would have collapsed and the government would have been forced to reach out to European nations for loans.
d. Some historians argue that while the New Deal did not get the United States out of the Great Depression, it focused on giving hope to the American people in the face of despair.

Analyze the source below. Use it and your knowledge of social studies to answer the question that follows.

Espionage Act of 1918

Espionage Act of 1918

10. The passage and the enforcement of the Espionage Act by the Wilson Administration reflected the belief that the…
a. Fourteenth Amendment permitted suspending the Bill of Rights in wartime.
b. nation’s war effort would be threatened if dissenters were allowed free speech.
c. public should be shielded from hearing about the reality of the war.
d. other countries at war had already curtailed civil liberties.

11. Frederick Taylor’s use of time and motion analysis to improve efficiency was an example of this…
a. McCarthyism
b. Scientific management
c. “buying on margin”
d. speculation
e. yellow journalism

12. A war ends in 1898 with a treaty signed in Paris, France. The treaty is given the commonly used moniker of “Treaty of Paris”. In this instance, the war that ended was…
a. Spanish-American War
b. Russo-Japanese War
c. Philippine-American War
d. Cuban war for independence

13. Which of the following did the United States insist that Cuba include in its constitution?
a. the Boxer Protocol
b. the Platt Amendment
c. the 18th Amendment
d. the Roosevelt Corollary

14. Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
a. World War I veterans and their families
b. farmers forced off their land by dust storms
c. unemployed industrial workers and their families
d. business and labor leaders who agreed to work together

Use the image below to respond to the question that follows.

Factory Assemblyline

Factory Assemblyline

15. The image above is representative of which Progressive Era goal?
a. Protecting Social Welfare
b. Fostering Efficiency
c. Creating Economic Reform
d. Promoting Moral Improvement

16. What was the purpose of states adopting initiative, referendum, and recall during the Progressive Era?
a. supporting new political parties
b. increasing the power of voters over the political process
c. reestablishing property qualifications for voting
d. extending voting rights to immigrants

17. Which would have had the LEAST impact on the development of the Great Depression in the 1920s?
a. Increased consumerism
b. The availability of easy credit
c. Foreign conflicts
d. A crisis in the farm sector

Use the poster below to respond to the question that follows.

Poster_Hello Liberty Speaking

Poster_Hello Liberty Speaking

18. What is the most likely reason George Creel’s Committee on Public Information published this particular poster during WWI?
a. to increase military enlistments
b. to reduce the use of consumer goods
c. to invest in the war effort
d. to conserve scarce resources for military use

19. President Theodore Roosevelt’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine primarily affected Latin America by…
a. guaranteeing human rights throughout the Western Hemisphere
b. supporting independence movements in many countries
c. encouraging immigration to the United States
d. increasing United States intervention in the

20. Franklin Roosevelt’s immediate response to the banking crisis after becoming president was to…
a. declare a bank holiday that closed banks in the United States for several days.
b. nationalize the banks to ensure they were following federal regulations.
c. establish the Federal Reserve to reduce the possibility of another bank emergency.
d. borrow money from foreign banks to support the U.S. banking industry.

21. Senator Huey Long was threatening to FDR’s presidential goals by convincing Americans…
a. that the New Deal was an effort to make the United States a socialist state.
b. deficit spending and “priming the pump” was bad for the American economy.
c. via his “Share-Our-Wealth” plan, that they are entitled to “live like a king” and that everyone should be wealthy.
d. via his “Share-Our-Wealth” plan, that they are entitled to receive a 5,000 dollar “homestead” to live a comfortable life.

22. Why did FDR include the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) in 1934 as part of his New Deal legislation?
a. to put unemployed Americans back to work.
b. to alleviate the suffering of American farmers.
c. to promote large-scale infrastructure projects.
d. to provide loans to Americans who wanted to buy a home.
e. to give free or subsidized housing to homeless Americans.

23. To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went “underground” to hidden nightclubs known as…
a. speakeasies.
b. penthouses.
c. tenements.
d. tea rooms.

24. Zora Neale Hurston and Langston Hughes had which of the following in common?
a. They were leaders involved with the 1960s civil rights movement.
b. They were initial members of President Franklin Roosevelt’s Black Cabinet.
c. They were writers associated with the Harlem Renaissance.
d. They were outspoken opponents to U.S. involvement in Vietnam.

25. One of the key goals of the 1913 Federal Reserve Act was to…
a. place a banking system under the direct control of Congress.
b. decentralize the banking industry to allow for local control of money.
c. protect the banking industry by removing the country from the gold standard.
d. create a banking system that could regulate the amount of money in circulation.

Use the map, below, to respond to the question that follows.

African-American Migration, 1890-1920

African-American Migration, 1890-1920

26. What trend does this map illustrate?
a. the movement of African Americans to the North
b. the movement of African Americans to the South
c. the discrimination faced by African Americans in the South
d. the immediate effects of the abolition of slavery

27. The Scopes Monkey Trial can be best described as a clash between which two values?
a. Liberalism vs. conservatism
b. Democratic vs. Republican
c. Mathematics vs. Science
d. Science vs. Religious fundamentalism
e. Progressivism vs. Conservatism

Use the following graphic to respond to the two questions that follow.

1920s US Immigration Graph

1920s US Immigration Graph

28. Which of these cases reflects the negative reaction (generally) of American society toward the facts depicted in the graph above?
a. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
b. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti.
c. The Scopes Trial
d. The F.B.I.’s efforts to charge (accuse of a crime) and convict Al Capone.

29. The graph above reveals a trend among all the nation’s listed, with an exception for two. These two are…
a. Italy & Canada.
b. Yugoslavia & Ireland.
c. Great Britain & Poland.
d. Mexico & Germany

30. Social Security was a New Deal program designed to…
a. foster the growth of trade unions.
b. promote recovery through economic
c. give direct aid to American businesses.
d. provide a minimum retirement income.

Use the cartoon below to respond to the three questions that follow.

FDR Cartoon_Court

FDR Cartoon_Court

31. This 1937 cartoon is criticizing President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan to…
a. reduce the number of federal courts.
b. impeach current Supreme Court justices.
c. give states the power to appoint Supreme Court justice.
d. increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court

32. One reason President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed the plan shown in the cartoon was that the Supreme Court had…
a. challenged his right to run for a third term
b. rejected several important Cabinet appointments
c. ruled against laws to protect the rights of minorities
d. declared parts of key New Deal programs unconstitutional.

33. Many members of Congress opposed the plan shown in the cartoon because it would…
a. reduce the power of the president
b. upset the system of checks and balances.
c. destroy the system of federalism
d. cost too much to implement.

34. Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Sinclair Lewis were popular authors who often wrote about…
a. the problems of urban life in the 1890s
b. disillusionment with American society in the 1920s
c. the migration of farmers in the 1930s
d. water and air pollution in the 1960s

35. ‘Okies’ who migrated to California in the 1930’s often faced discrimination based on…
a. race
b. class/ socioeconomic level
c. ethnicity
d. gender
e. sexual orientation

36. American foreign policy at the end of the 19th century can be characterized as…
a. supportive of the idea of self-determination
b. largely isolationist
c. concerned about the rise of communist dictatorships in Latin America
d. primarily interested in gaining economic markets
e. driven by morality and Christian values

37. The 1924 National Origins Act discriminated against immigrants based on…
a. race
b. National-origin
c. gender
d. class/ socioeconomic level
e. sexual orientation

38. All of the following are possible reasons for US entry into WWI EXCEPT…
a. the sinking of the Lusitania (Killing 128 Americans)
b. Germany’s declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare
c. economic and social ties to Great Britain and other Allied Powers (predating WWI).
d. Germany threatening direct attacks on the US homeland.
e. Zimmermann Note

39. The importance of Northern Securities Co. v. United States (1904) is that the Supreme Court…
a. used the Sherman Antitrust Act to break up a monopoly.
b. ruled child labor laws unconstitutional.
c. upheld the right of women to vote.
d. established regulations for the New York Stock Exchange

40. Which of the following best describes how Teddy Roosevelt used the “bully pulpit?”
a. to threaten his adversaries.
b. to gain popularity in the United States.
c. to push for civil rights legislation for African Americans.
d. to influence public opinion and promote Progressive Era legislation.

Use the image below to respond to the question that follows.

Early 20th C. US Meat Inspection

Early 20th C. US Meat Inspection

41. The image above best reflects which reform effort?
a. Pure Food and Drug Act
b. Meat Inspection Act
c. Women’s Suffrage
d. Prohibition

42. Which of the following best describes Teddy Roosevelt’s Square Deal?
a. Wealthier Americans must pay a greater share, while poorer Americans are entitled to more resources
b. An equitable (fair) deal for all sides in American society
c. The federal government is responsible for creating a safety net to help the poorest Americans
d. All Americans are entitled to equal rights

43. Which of the following is the most accurate example of President Taft’s policy of “dollar diplomacy?”
a. allowing for the nationalization of Latin American property owned by U.S. citizens
b. exerting economic influence rather than military force in Latin American countries
c. using international trade organizations to stabilize Latin American economies
d. maintaining a military force to discourage European colonization in Latin America

44. Which of the following was most directly responsible for creating new jobs and putting people to work?
a. Social Security Act
b. Fair Labor Standards Act
c. National Labor Relations Act
d. Works Progress Administration

45. Yellow journalists created support for the Spanish-American War by writing articles about the…
a. Political popularity of William Jennings Bryan
b. Efforts of the United States to control Mexico
c. Destruction of United States sugar plantations by Hawaiians
d. Sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana Harbor

46. Emilio Aguinaldo was…
a. Spanish ambassador
b. Filipino freedom fighter
c. Cuban freedom fighter
d. Spanish general

47. The famous American writer Mark Twain express his opinion about U.S. actions in the Philippines after the Spanish-American War with the following words…

“I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines. We have gone to conquer, not to redeem (save them)…I am opposed to having the (American) eagle put its talons on any other land.”

—The New York Herald, October 15, 1900

This statement would be helpful in supporting the thesis that Mark Twain believed that…
a. U.S. imperialism was immoral.
b. U.S. imperialism would bring a stable government to the Philippines.
c. U.S. imperialism was necessary for the United States to become a world power.
d. U.S. imperialism was necessary to civilize the people of the Philippines.

48. What did President Wilson mean when he stated that he wanted “peace without victory” as the ultimate outcome of WWI?
a. Germany should pay reparations to Great Britain and the other Allied Powers. In addition, it should receive world condemnation for their role in WWI.
b. Great Britain should take responsibility for prolonging the war.
c. The United States should enter the war in order to help the Allied Powers win.
d. Neither side in the Great War should impose harsh terms on the other. The focus should be on creating a “new world order” based on international political and economic cooperation.
e. There is no way for any side in WWI to be victorious, so the war needed to end as soon as possible.

49. What is one reason historians may perceive the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps.) as a discriminatory New Deal program?
a. It had separate work camps for black and white CCC members.
b. It did not hire any women.
c. It set a quota of accepting only 10% of the African American population.
d. Choices A, B and C
e. None of the above

50. Like the 1920’s private consumer with a growing financial problem, buying a stock on margin meant…
a. purchasing the stock outside the regular stock exchange
b. buying the stock for someone else
c. paying less than the market price of the stock
d. borrowing money to help pay for the stock

Short Answer Response:

Choose ONE of the following question options to answer for the short-answer question on loose-leaf paper.

Option 1:

Woodrow Wilson proposed his Fourteen Points Speech to Congress on January 8th, 1918. One of the most important aspects of the Fourteen Points speech was Wilson’s proposal of the League of Nations, an international body of nations that would work to prevent a future war by promoting international economic and political cooperation. However, the United States never joined the League of Nations, mostly due to the outcry of congressional Senators like Henry Cabot Lodge (also called “reservationists”). In one paragraph, explain why Senators like Henry Cabot Lodge were opposed to the United States joining the League of Nations.

Option 2:

Woodrow Wilson is often touted as the last Progressive Era president, and many historians view him favorably with regards to the Progressive-Era legislation that was passed throughout his presidency (such as the Clayton Anti-Trust Act, the Federal Reserve Act and the 16th, 17th and 19th Amendments). However, some historians view Wilson with disdain, citing his poor record on civil rights and his “Moral Diplomacy” policy in Latin America. In one paragraph, explain why some historians may view Wilson unfavorably regarding his record on both civil rights and his “Moral Diplomacy” policy in Latin America.

Extra Credit Option (write answer on reverse side of looseleaf paper you used for the short answer response. Just write the question number and then your ‘letter’ choice)

1A. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony formed which organization in 1869?
a. WPA-Works Progress Administration
b. WCTU- Woman’s Christian Temperance Union
c. NWSA- National Woman’s Suffrage Association
d. NASW- National Association of Colored Woman
e. None of the responses are appropriate.

2A. The WPA (Works Progress Administration) was known for hiring…
a. Americans to build airports and post offices, as well as painters to paint murals on public buildings.
b. Young Americans to work on conservation projects.
c. Homeless veterans to teach ESL classes at elementary schools.
d. Children to work in factories.

3A. FDR’s AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act) was intended to help American farmers by…
a. Forcing farmers to sell their crops at below-market prices.
b. Forcing farmers to sell their crops at inflated prices.
c. Paying farmers to not sell their crops, so that less supply would slowly lead to higher crop prices.
d. Paying farmers to sell their crops, so that more supply would slowly lead to higher crop prices.

4A. Herbert Hoover and the Food Administration was successful by…
a. imposing harsh rationing of meat, sugar and mik during the war.
b. using yellow journalism to appeal to Americans.
c. giving government subsidies to farmers for “plowing under crops” (Destroying Crops).
d. issuing war bonds to finance the war.
e. relying on volunteerism to conserve food and energy in the United States.