Midterm_HGS-Unit03: Ch.13 – Ch.14 (ODD)

Midterm_HGS-Unit03: Ch.13 – Ch.14 (ODD)

1. Which elements of feudal society probably contributed most to holding feudal society together?
a. A set of mutual social/ political obligations and the teachings of the Church.
b. A widespread reluctance to resort to violence.
c. Pride in Roman heritage and a thriving Asian trade network.
d. The Benedictine Rules

2. Which of the following best describes how the roles of Feudalism and the Manorial system work within Medieval European society?
a. Feudalism was a social order, and the Manorial system was the economic arrangement that supported it.
b. Feudalism applied only to lords, while the Manorial system involved serfs.
c. The laws of Feudalism were set by the king, and the laws of the Manor were set by the Church.
d. Feudalism involved only war-making, while the Manor system involved agricultural production.

3. Ritualistically, the bonds that hold segments of feudal society together are partially established via the…
a. Communion
b. Lay Investiture Controversy
c. Investiture Ceremony
d. Council of Constance (15th C.)

4. St. Benedict is known for…
a. establishing, organizing, and writing administrative rules for early monasteries.
b. defeating Muslim armies at Tours
c. crowning emperors of the Holy Roman Empire
d. All are accurate

5. “Secular” is a word best associated with:
a. A Monastic lifestyle on a monastery.
b. The absence of Religion in public/ political life.
c. “Christendom” as the idea of a Christian Kingdom.
d. Primogeniture as a traditional method of inheritance.

6. The interdict was an effective weapon for a pope to use against a monarch because it…
a. would deprive the king of his own personal salvation.
b. gave other rulers permission to battle the offending king.
c. decreed that kings must give up his realm & leave Europe forever.
d. cost kings the loyalty of subjects, who feared for their own souls.

7. Pope Gregory VII and the German emperor, Henry IV, fought over the issue of…
a. ruling the Papal States.
b. secular appointment of Cardinals.
c. Lay Investiture.
d. papal appointment of princes.

8. The Concordat of Worms (12th C.) resolved a power struggle between which two groups?
a. Italian nobles and German rulers
b. the Lombard League and Frederick I
c. the Church and the Holy Roman emperor
d. Rollo, a Viking leader, and Charles the Simple, King of France

True/ False: Identify which statement is ‘TRUE’ (by Selecting ‘A’) or ‘FALSE’ (by Selecting ‘B’).

9. Simony was a ‘corruption’ plaguing the Medieval Church. It involved a lay-person (King) awarding Church offices (eg. Bishop).
10. To help address the matter of heresies spreading through Medieval Europe, the Church established the Office of the Inquisition.

11. Traditional farming methods of the Early Middle Ages (Europe) had it’s root in the Classical Period of Greece and Rome. Among the older, traditional, techniques used during this period we would include…
a. Crop Rotation
b. 3-Field System
c. Insecticide Use
d. Alternating a Fallow field with a planted field.
e. Alternating planted fields of Wheat with Corn.

12. This animal was, traditionally, the common ‘beast of burden’ for agriculture during the Classical Period and Early Middle Ages.
a. Horse
b. Ox
c. Bison
d. Mule
e. Donkey

13. A partial explanation for the employment of innovative agricultural techniques during the High Middle Ages was the cultural diffusion encouraged by…
a. The Office of the Inquisition and frequent travels of Priests.
b. Manorialism and the goals of Feudalism.
c. Communication/ Contact: Commercial Activity, Crusades, etc.
d. The Black Death (Bubonic Plague).
e. Climate Change

14. Increased agricultural production (food staples) has historically (initially) impacted populations by…
a. Decreasing the total numbers of people via obesity.
b. Increasing the total numbers of people as births and life expectancies increase.
c. Decreasing the total numbers of people caused by famine.
d. Increasing total numbers as food surpluses attract large numbers of immigrants to Feudal Europe.
e. Neutral. No impact on the total numbers of people.

15. All of the following contributed to an increase in the availability of food in Medieval Europe during the High & Late Middle Ages EXCEPT…
a. 3-Field System
b. Horse Harness
c. Metal-Blade Plow
d. Expansion of food imports.
e. Crop Rotation

16. Which of the following best describes the nature of a craft guild?
a. workers who used gold leaf to decorate palaces
b. merchants who sold specially woven cloth at local fairs
c. traders who carried local goods to other regions
d. an association of people who worked at the same occupation.

17. Which of the following apply to European cities as they become increasingly ‘commercial’ during the High Middle Ages?
a. They acquire their charter from the lord by purchase or armed revolt.
b. They often compete with neighboring towns which also contributes to civic pride.
c. To this day some towns celebrate their freedom from feudal ties to a lord with celebrations and contests of skill.
d. Town population increases.
e. All of the above apply.

18. As the forests of Northern Europe are cleared and towns become increasingly commercial, the circumstances were perfect for the expression of a town’s importance by constructing…
a. Canals
b. Roads
c. Gothic Cathedrals
d. Castles

19. This Northern Italian town gained a reputation as a commercial powerhouse in the Late Medieval and Renaissance era. At one point, they fund the 4th Crusade against Constantinople.
a. Milan
b. Venice
c. Florence
d. Tuscany

20. As trade increases and makes town life profitable, artisans and merchants within the town express concerns regarding important issues within their occupation. These concerns, which included pricing methods and quality standards, were addressed by the…
a. Guilds
b. Lord of the Manor.
c. Hanseatic League
d. Tax Assessors

21. The prosperity of feudal towns isn’t assured if they remained bound by a feudal contract. Except for a few violent cases, towns were able to acquire political and economic independence upon the lord’s issuance of a…
a. Investiture
b. Charter
c. Fief
d. Papal Bull

22. One of these towns found a ‘niche’ in the changing economic condition of Medieval Europe. Instead of focusing on producing and distributing a product, it focused on providing a service. The service involved carrying products that others produced to the consumers of the product. Based on your knowledge of geography, which town had an advantage regarding location?
a. Paris
b. Milan
c. Florence
d. Venice

True/ False: Using your knowledge of Gothic Cathedrals and the era that gave rise to them, determine whether the following statements are TRUE (‘A) or FALSE (‘B’).

23. Structurally speaking, Arches play an important part in supporting the massive weight of these huge buildings.
24. Flying Buttresses, with their wing-like design, serve only as a decorative element of these structures.
25. Most Gothic Cathedrals are located in Northern Europe because the observant (strictest) branches of Catholicism reside there during the Early and High Middle Ages.
26. These massive structures become embroiled in the competitive environment that arose between the developing commercial centers of Medieval Europe.

11thC. HighMiddleAges-Map

11thC. HighMiddleAges-Map

27. The map (above) is a reflection of the conditions that Feudal Europe developed within. Those conditions reflect…
a. Extensive Commerical Interaction
b. Significant Church Influence
c. Widespread violence, largely resulting from warfare.
d. Virulent Disease (Black Plague)

28. Item ‘D’ on the map, above, represents…
a. Principality of Tripoli
b. Jerusalem
c. Venice
d. Constantinople

29. Item ‘2’ on the map, above, represents…
a. Principality of Tripoli
b. Jerusalem
c. Venice
d. Constantinople

30. Which item on the map, above, represents the planned destination of the 1st Crusade?
a. B
b. 5
c. C
d. 3

31. Which item on the map, above, represents the rendezvous point for the various elements of the Crusader army coming from Western Europe at the start of the 1st Crusade?
a. B
b. 5
c. C
d. 3

True/ False: Using your knowledge of The 1st Crusade, determine whether the following statements are TRUE (‘A) or FALSE (‘B’).

32. The 1st Crusade was initially targeted against the Islamic (Seljuk) Turks who captured important cities within the Holy Land. Over the 3 years (+) of that crusade, only the Muslim Turks were attacked by the Crusaders.

Feudal Armor

Feudal Armor

33. The suit of armor depicted here supports the notion that…
a. The most important element of a Medieval European army was primarily comprised of men from the largest segment of the population.
b. Medieval European warfare was very expensive if one had to participate.
c. Mounted Knights were as effective on foot as they were on horseback.
d. Suits of armor were made to fit many different people, not just the person who ordered its manufacture.

Feudal Horse Armor

Feudal Horse Armor

34. Analyze the image above. Given that war horses of the Medieval era wore armor as well, we can assume that they were…
a. bred for Speed
b. bred for Strength
c. once farm animals that were already accustomed to pulling
heavy weights.
d. expected to serve as war horses during conflicts and as work animals during peace.

35. The era of The Black Plague was made worse, for Europeans trying to survive, by…
a. the Mini-Ice Age.
b. Christianity.
c. a lack of trade.
d. Poorly manufactured antibiotic medicines.

36. Which was a method of showing how difficult things were becoming for Europeans in the grip of The Black Plague?
a. Through Art
b. Through religious explanations (“God is punishing the world for its sins”).
c. Poor treatment of others who are blamed by the community (Scapegoating).
d. All Choices are Appropriate

True/ False: Using your knowledge of The Black Death era, determine whether the following statements are TRUE (‘A) or FALSE (‘B’).

37. Famine aggravated the affects of The Black Plague.
38. The Flagellants were a comedic group doing it’s best to bring some joy to a suffering population.
39. John Bolle saw the misery of poor Europeans as an opportunity to act for change.

Matching #I: Using the five terms below, choose the letter representing the best match for the questions that follow.
a. Chivalry
b. Feudalism
c. Fief
d. Manor
e. Canon Law

40. During the Middle Ages, what was a grant of land from a lord to a vassal called?
41. Which code were knights expected to follow?
42. What was the body of rules and regulations governing religious practices such as marriage?
43. What was a lord’s estate called?
44. What system of social organization was based on the exchange of land for protection and services?

True/ False: Using your knowledge of History, determine whether the following statements are TRUE (‘A) or FALSE (‘B’).

45. The list, below, contains the names of chroniclers who lived within the period of Europe’s Medieval period.
-Anna Comnena
-Marco Polo
-William of Tyre

46. An arrangement for which Clovis is credited with starting for the Franks is…
a. recognition of the Frankish king as the legitimate ruler of the Franks by the Pope.
b. establishing a joint line of rulers by marrying Frankish princesses to Arab Emirs.
c. recognition, by the Byzantine emperor, of the legitimacy of Frankish rule over former Roman territory in the West.
d. the cooperation he encouraged between the Franks and Muslims.

47. An impact of Pope Leo III crowning Charlemagne emperor was that it…
a. would become the foundation for future disputes over the authority of the monarch vs. the Pope in local affairs (Ex.: Lay Investiture).
b. required that there only be one Pope who can crown a Frankish monarch (Ex.: Council of Constance, 15th C.).
c. gave a great deal of religious power to Germanic people.
d. brought Germanic secular power exclusively under the auspices of the Church.

48. The Frankish Kingdom is credited with the development of…
a. Base-10 number system.
b. Phonetic Language.
c. Concept of ‘0’
d. Carolingian Minuscule

49. The Treaty of Verdun (843 CE) resulted in the…
a. end of Carolingian rule in Europe.
b. formation of Normandy.
c. formation of a Holy Roman Empire.
d. division of the Frankish Kingdom into 3 parts.

Chronology #1: Identify which item occurred first by choosing ‘A’. If the item occurred second, choose ‘B’, etc.
50. Treaty of Verdun
51. Clovis converts to Roman Catholicism
52. Rise of the Carolingian Dynasty
53. Rise of the Merovingian Dynasty

Chronology #2: Identify which item occurred first by choosing ‘A’. If the item occurred second, choose ‘B’, etc.
54. Charles the Bald
55. Charles the Great (Charlemagne)
56. Pepin the Short
57. Charles the Simple
58. Charles Martel (Hammer)

Invasions_700-1000

Invasions_700-1000

59. Based on your analysis of the map, above, which of these invaders probably depended most on their horsemanship during their migration/ invasion of Western Europe during the Early Middle Ages.
a. Vikings
b. Arabs/ Muslims
c. Magyars
d. Franks

60. Based on your analysis of the map above, which of these invaders probably depended most on their seamanship during their migration/ invasion of Western Europe during the Early Middle Ages.
a. Vikings
b. Arabs/ Muslims
c. Magyars
d. Franks

61. Based on your analysis of the map above, what region/ country suffered raids from all three invaders (migrants)?
a. Russia
b. England
c. Italian Peninsula
d. North Africa

62. Based on your analysis of the map above, the extent of the incursion, by these migrants/ invaders, exceeded all others of that period.
a. Vikings
b. Arabs/ Muslims
c. Magyars
d. Franks

63. Based on your analysis of the map above, which migrants/ invaders ventured farthest from their home territory?
a. Vikings
b. Magyars
c. Arabs/ Muslims
d. Franks

Based on your analysis of the map above, identify which statement is ‘TRUE’ (Select ‘A’) or ‘FALSE’ (Select ‘B’). (next 3 questions)

64. The Roman Catholic Church, thanks to Rome’s location midway on the Italian peninsula, was spared the “Barbarian” invasions that ravaged Europe in the Early Middle Ages.
65. During these incursions the Byzantine Empire was able to evade the Vikings.
66. Considering where the Frankish Kingdom was situated, it would have had to repel attacks from all three invaders shown on the map during the Early Middle Ages.

67. Viking raids eventually ceased because of several factors, among them we would include…
a. feudal lords successfully unified for defense.
b. New feudal relationships enticed Viking raiders to stop marauding (Ex.: Investiture Ceremony).
c. Muslim raiding parties threatened the Viking homeland.
d. Leif Erikson redirected all Viking attention to the exploration of new lands across the ocean (Ex.: The Doomsday Chronicles).

68. Among the military technology introduced by Vikings during the invasions of the 8th – 10th C. we would include the…
a. Long Boat
b. (Ulfberht) Sword
c. Battle Ax
d. All were introduced technologies.

69. One of the earliest examples of an Investiture Ceremony occurred at the start of the feudal period in Europe. It involved these two figures:
a. Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV
b. St. Benedict and Abbot
c. Charles the Bald and Louis the Pious
d. Rollo and Charles the Simple

70. According to the code of Chivalry, a knight fought for all of the following EXCEPT his…
a. Lady.
b. Heavenly Lord.
c. Feudal lord.
d. Free Peasants.