1. A 1st C. CE analog computing device discovered in a Mediterranean shipwreck and attributed to Greek engineering. -2 words
4. Deities, or other non-humans, are this when they exhibit human qualities (hatred, anger, love, lust, etc.).
5. 4th C. BCE Greek mathematician from Alexandria after the Macedonian conquest of Egypt. Sometimes referred to as the ‘Father of Geometry’.
9. A blind bard whose oral stories survive today in book form. His stories preserve, as legend or myth, the exploits of heroes.
10. A form of government in which the ultimate political authority is vested in the people and exercised by them.
12. Daughter, and favored child, of the top deity in the Greek mythological pantheon. Her name was adopted by an ancient Greek city-state.
13. 4th C. BCE student of Plato and eventual tutor to Alexander the Great. His interests, unlike his mentor, also spanned the natural world and mathematics.
14. The name of the woman whose kidnapping sparked the mythical conflict between Mycenae and Troy.
18. A 5th C. BCE conflict between Greek city-states pitting Athens and its allies against Sparta and its allies. Sparta is victorious and Athenian Golden Age ends. -2 words
21. A 5th C. BCE Athenian general and statesman during the Golden Age of Greece. He was a veteran of the Persian Wars, delivered one of the most famous orations (at a funeral ceremony for dead soldiers), and a driving force behind the construction of the Parthenon.
22. A very long poem and/ or story.
23. Ancient Greek city-state.
25. After the violence that marked the Greek Dark Age comes to a halt, many of the Greek city-states come under the rule of a sovereign who uses power without any limitations.
26. After 1500 B.C., through either trade or war, the Mycenaeans came into contact with peoples from the island of Crete. The Mycenaeans adapted the writing system of these people to their Greek language.
27. During the 1200s B.C., the Mycenaeans fought a ten-year war against this city-state found on the Anatolian coast. That war has been immortalized in the stories by a famous bard.
28. Top deity in the Greek mythological pantheon.
29. A story, often dating from the distant past, whose accounts are difficult to prove with evidence. Over time, the stories serve as an educational tool revealing the values of past peoples.
2. A wave of Indo-Europeans migrated from the Eurasian steppes to Europe, India, and Southwest Asia. Some of the people who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C. were later called this.
3. This ancient Greek story provides an account of the war between Troy and Mycenae.
6. A period of Greek history marked by the reduction in the recording of data. The period was initiated by the invasion of the Dorians. (2 words)
7. Late 3rd C. BCE Greek mathematician, inventor/ engineer. Often hired to build ‘measuring’ devices for clients from his workshop in Syracuse.
8. The heroic ideal often revealed in ancient Greek epics.
11. Wife of the top deity in the Greek mythological pantheon.
12. Name and title of the classical world’s greatest conqueror. Credited with spreading Hellenism though he was from Macedon, not Greece. -3 words
15. A story-teller.
16. The citadel or high fortified area of an ancient Greek city.
17. Home of the Greek mythological deities. (2 words)
18. A series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and Greek city-states that started in 499 BCE and lasted until 449 BCE. -2 words
19. 5th C. BCE philosopher/ teacher. Tutor of Plato and eventually charged & with subverting the minds of youth and sentenced to death. Develops the questioning method that is the foundation of modern learning.
20. A class of persons holding preferential rank and privileges often acquired via hereditary bonds.
21. 5th.-4th C. BCE Greek philosoper who was a pupil of Socrates and tutor of Aristotle. His works become the foundation of Western thought stretching to the modern era. “The Dialogues” and “The Republic” are two of his most influential works.
24. a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few.