6. This Medieval scholar taught that the authority of the Bible was higher than that of the pope. This stance ultimately cost him his life when he was burned at the stake in 1415. 2 words
8. Area of a monastery where religiously significant objects are safeguarded or displayed.
9. An artistic style of expression that develops in the Gallic region of what was once the Roman Empire (Gaul). Presently, it’s the area of Europe where France and Germany are.
10. Justification for the supremacy of the Bishop of Rome over all other Christian clergymen. 2 words
12. The sector of society and personal lifestyle that is removed from religion.
15. A member of the Church, including Priest, Bishop, and Cardinal.
19. A successful military campaign conducted on the Iberian peninsula from the High to Late Middle Ages with the expressed goal of expanding Catholic Christian territory at the expense of Muslim controlled territory. (Spanish word)
20. This Englishman preached that Jesus Christ, not the pope, was the true head of the Church. He was much offended by the worldliness and wealth many clergy displayed. 2 words
22. An architectural design often applied to church buildings. From above, it resembles a cross.
24. A conceptual understanding of the Christian community as a kingdom.
25. A significant Medieval Church theologian. In his “Summa Theologiae”, he incorporated Classical Greek logic to support Church teachings. 3 words
27. The split (1054) between the Roman Catholic Church of the West (Rome) and the Eastern Orthodox Church of the East (Constantinople). 2 words
28. A task of religious significance that all observant Catholics are expected to achieve within their lifetime.
1. An area within a monastery where monks can contemplate, pray, and tend gardens.
2. The pope who calls for the first Western-led crusade in 1092-1093.
3. This 6th C. monk established one of the earliest monastic orders. He was an Abbot and wrote a popular set of rules to organize monasteries. 2 words
4. In Medieval Europe, a military campaign with religiously inspired goals.
5. A complex of structures that served as centers for religious communities beginning in the Early Middle Ages. They were homes for monks and contributed to ‘fixing’ moving populations.
7. Area of a monastery where church objects made of precious metals are safeguarded.
10. That which is of, or associated with, the office of the Pope.
11. The selling of Church ‘offices’.
13. The Infallibility of the Pope is directly connected to this title, which reveals the Pope’s Earthly role on behalf of Jesus. 3 words
14. An empire that develops in Central Europe during the High Middle Ages and inherits the Frankish bonds with the Church. These bonds were started by Clovis, strengthened by Pepin the Short, and expanded by Charlemagne. 3 words
16. The act of awarding a Church ‘office’ by a non-clergyman (Ex.: King). 2 words
17. A venerated object used by, owned by, or part of, a religiously significant figure of the past.
18. Rules within the Roman Catholic Church carrying the weight of ‘Religious Law’. 2 words
21. An office within the Medieval Church tasked to identify and ameliorate heresies. Then, it consisted of Friars from the Dominican Order tasked to ‘Inquire’ about activities or teachings that were not in accord with official Church doctrine. Today, that office is called the “Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith”.
23. A prescribed quantity to donate on a routine basis to the Church.
26. The secular and non-secular head of a monastery.