East – West
3. 95 formal statements attacking the “pardon-merchants”. Nailed on the door of Castle church in Wittenberg. (2 words)
5. The exclusion of religious considerations from civic affairs. Additionally, the social movement toward a greater emphasis on the non-religious elements of human existence.
7. An Italian author of a famous political text that modeled its protagonist on King Ferdinand II of Spain. It was written in the vernacular.
9. A person faithful to the Roman Catholic religion, but compelled to express his views not in accord with papal policy. (2 words)
12. Benefactor, supporter, or role model for an artist.
13. A movement spearheaded by an office of the Catholic Church. Its purpose was to address the spread of heresy within Catholic Europe.
17. Sculptor and painter. Great works include “David”, “Moses”, and the Sistine Chapel.
19. This is also known as the “Catholic Reformation”. This movement was inspired and led by the Reforming Popes. It’s goal was to address the excesses of Church officials. (2 words)
21. A painter, sculptor, and scientist. Credited with such works as “The Last Supper”, the “Mona Lisa”, and the “Sforza Horse”.
22. This pope was a patron of the Arts. He commissioned works by artists like Raphael and Michelangelo. (2 words)
23. Philosophical and artistic movement emphasizing the centrality of humanity (Man).
24. A priest with a zeal to establish a fundamental Christian lifestyle in Florence. He successfully led a rebellion to overthrow the Medici. He was the organizer of “The Bonfires of the Vanities”.
25. Spanish novelist credited with writing one of the greatest novels of all time- Don Quixote.
North – South
1. Italian author of The Divine Comedy.
2. This four-armed, four-legged drawing of a man represents the Renaissance’s obsession with measuring (quantifying) nature. (2 words)
4. Author of “In Praise of Folly”.
6. An artistic technique that creates the illusion of a three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface.
8. This movement, accelerated by the Protestant Reformation, resulted in the establishment of non-Catholic Christian churches.
10. A category of painting employing wet plaster as a medium.
11. Patriarch of the most powerful banking family in Florence and Europe in the 15th C.
12. A category of painting whose subject and emphasis is an individual.
14. A period in European History distinguished by the reinvigorated interest in the arts and sciences of the Classical period.
15. This pope issued a papal bull endorsing the authority of the Vatican to sell indulgences. (2 words)
16. This Florentine banking family is credited for funding much of the creativity of Italian Renaissance artists and thinkers.
18. Pardons from the Pope, often in the form of a certificate, that released the holder from performing the penance prescribed for a sin.
20. A literary form focusing on the life and exploits of its author.