T01_HUS-Unit01 Test (EVEN)

Unit01: America’s Beginnings to 1783

Including associated activities.


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Multiple Choice

1. Which Founding Father wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense, arguing that the time had come for American independence?
a. General George Washington
b. John Locke
c. Alexander Hamilton
d. Thomas Paine

2. Which European country supported the American colonies during the Revolutionary War?
a. Italy
b. France
c. Germany
d. Netherlands

3. Which event confirmed American independence and set the boundaries of the new nation?
a. New Jersey Plan
b. Treaty of Paris (signed 1784)
c. Olive Branch Petition (1776)
d. British surrender at Yorktown (1781)

4. The Sons of Liberty is best described as…
a. Genealogical society tracing family lineage to the founding era of the United States.
b. An underground (secret) society of American colonialists conspiring against British colonial rule.
c. A group of colonial commissioners sent by the Continental Congress to present the Olive Branch Petition to King George III.
d. A fraternal order of Founding Fathers formed after the Constitutional Convention in 1787 to publicize and commemorate the event.

5. The need to raise revenue for the salaries of colonial governors was only one of several reasons for the passage and enforcement of a bundle of ‘Acts’ known as the…
a. Stamp Act
b. Townshend Acts
c. Tea Act
d. Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

6. With respect to Britain’s reaction, what followed the “Boston Tea Party”?
a. Stamp Act.
b. Townshend Acts.
c. Tea Act.
d. Intolerable (Coercive) Acts.

7. Whose Enlightenment concepts did Jefferson draw upon as he drafted the Declaration of Independence?
a. John Locke’s
b. Patrick Henry
c. Henry Lee
d. Marquis de Lafayette’s

8. During the Revolutionary War, a major obstacle to military success for the colonial army was…
a. a lack of Native American allies
b. few expressed a motivation to fight
c. unpredictable supplies of equipment and ammunition
d. the absence of a naval force

Use the Table: 1790 Census (below) for questions in this section.

Table: 1790 Census

Table: 1790 Census

9. Which of these statements is supported by the data in the census table?

a. Northern States generally have higher percentage of the total population as ‘slave’.
b. Southern States generally have higher percentage of the total population as ‘slave’.
c. All States show, generally, similar percentage of the total population as ‘slave’.
d. The State of Virginia has the highest percentage of the total population as ‘slave’.

10. Which of these conclusions could explain the data on slaves in the census table?
a. The States focused on similar industries, with Manufacture dominating North and South.
b. The climate was consistent throughout the States along the Eastern Seaboard.
c. Industries varied by State with Agriculture dominating in South, Shipping/ Manufacture dominating in the North.
d. All choices explain the data appropriately.

11. According to the theory of mercantilism, colonies are most like…
a. a resource.
b. an equal trading partner.
c. nations with a balanced trade ledger.
d. a economically independent nation.

12. The purpose of the British Navigation Acts was to…
a. restrict colonial trade.
b. expand colonial trade.
c. strengthen the colonial navy.
d. make the colonies self-sufficient.

13. As a result of England’s policy of “salutary neglect,” the colonies developed…
a. a desire for fine British goods to replace the crude manufactures of the colonies.
b. a crippled economy incapable of sustaining itself without the aid of the Mother Country.
c. a disloyal attitude toward Britain since they never saw themselves as British.
d. a desire for self-government when Britain attempts to reassert it’s authority after 1763.

14. In the late 1600s, the number of enslaved Africans in the Southern colonies increased dramatically. Which of these is a viable explanation for this increase?
a. The availability of Native American laborers was becoming increasingly scarce.
b. The cost of purchasing and owning African slaves is historically very low.
c. Indentured servitude was outlawed by European powers.
d. The Northern colonies needed skilled manufacturing labor.

15. The “middle passage” refers to the part of the transatlantic trade network that carried…
a. rum from the West Indies to New England.
b. raw materials from the colonies to England.
c. Indentured servants from the West Indies to North America.
d. Africans from Africa to the Americas.

16. “The Enlightenment” is the label for an era in European History that is marked by a movement that focused on the value of…
a. Reason
b. Faith
c. Urbanization.
d. Commercialization

17. The (1st) Great Awakening caused some colonists to…
a. seek spirituality through the use of reason.
b. shift their loyalty from England to America.
c. pay more attention to nature.
d. place greater emphasis on religious practices that were increasingly personal.

18. During the French and Indian War, Native Americans fought on the side of
a. the British.
b. the French.
c. both the British and the French.
d. neither the British nor the French.

19. With the Royal Proclamation of 1763, the British government attempted to…
a. stop colonials from establishing settlements west of a demarcation line (the Appalachian Mountain Range) to appease Native peoples.
b. encourage settlement West of the Appalachians.
c. force France off the North American continent.
d. claim Canada and North America West of the Mississippi.

20. The 1764 Sugar Act was a modification of an earlier statute. It’s aim was similar to other legislation passed by Parliament during the decade of 1763 – 1773. In this instance, funds for the government were to be raised by taxing sugar, molasses, and other goods being imported into British colonies from places OTHER than…
a. Great Britain
b. France
c. Spain
d. The Netherlands

Use the Map: Land Claims (below) for questions in this section.

Colonial Land Claims 1783

Colonial Land Claims 1783

21. Which of these statements is supported by the data on the Land Claims Map?
a. Many of the original 13 colonies anticipated expanding beyond their colonial borders in 1783.
b. Most of the original 13 colonies had plans to form borders that were similar to the borders they will later have as States.
c. Virginia was the largest colony, but by 1783 it’s land claims would not maintain that ranking.
d. All the land claims show signs of planning and coordination between neighboring colonies. The ultimate goal being to limit disputes.

Matching: Pair the lettered items with the appropriate description.

Use the Map: The 13 Colonies to the 1700s (below) for questions in this section.

13 Colonies to the 1700s

13 Colonies to the 1700s

a. New England Colonies
b. Middle Colonies
c. Southern Colonies

22. Most likely doesn’t require a highly skilled workforce.
23. Shipping and Ship Building dominates.
24. Tobacco and Indigo agriculture dominates.
25. Some diversity with an emphasis on commerce.

TRUE/ FALSE: ‘A’ for TRUE. ‘B’ for FALSE.

Use the Map: States and Territories of the United States of America (1789) (below) for questions in this section.

States and Territories of the United States of America (1789)

States and Territories of the United States of America (1789)

26. The Treaty of Paris (1781- 1783) settled all land disputes for the new States of the United States.

27. The area of “Northwest Territory” is to be organized in accord with a land ordinance in 1785, followed by a land ordinance act two years later.

28. The United States as we know it today was carved up by at least four different nations (including the US).

Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase from the list below that best completes the following statements.

a. Indentured Servants
b. Jamestown
c. Boston
d. Encomienda

29. The Spanish system that forced native workers to farm, ranch, or mine for landlords is known as ____.

30. People known as ____ agreed to a limited term of servitude in exchange for passage to North America as well as food and shelter.

31. Settlers of ____, the first permanent British settlement, planned only to search for gold and not farm, as the charter was for a commercial enterprise.

Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase from the list below that best completes the statements that follow.
a. Roger Williams
b. Mestizo
c. Separatists
d. William Penn

32. Under Spanish colonial rule, children of mixed (European – Native American) parentage were classified as ____.

33. Pilgrims were classified as ____ since they were intent on escaping their treatment in Britain. They would go on to establish the Plymouth Colony.

34. ____ founded Providence as a place where people could worship as they chose, not as the government dictated.

35. After the Europeans arrived in the “New World”, which do historians believe caused the death of countless Native Americans?
a. wars
b. diseases
c. hurricanes
d. droughts
e. enslavement

36. The Declaration of Independence was published/ disseminated as a…
a. pamphlet, similar to how “Common Sense” was distributed.
b. mass mailing using the colonial postal system.
c. broadside, to be posted and viewed on a wall/ board in a central location within towns.
d. bound book, printed in colonial printing shops like those of Benjamin Franklin and John Peter Zenger.

37. Given our recent analysis of the Declaration of Independence and its historical context, we can best identify the content of that document as a(n)…
a. Sermon
b. Speech
c. Narrative
d. Poem
e. Argument

38. The Declaration of Independence was a product of 18th C. writing. It’s  writing conventions (punctuation, syntax, etc.) would differ if re-written in a 21st C. style. One element of the document that would survive, in our estimation, with little change, is…
a. The number of words used.
b. Its paragraph format.
c. It’s four distinct parts to the argument.
d. The durability and quality of the medium upon which it’s written.
e. The durability and quality of the ink used to write the text.

39. The Declaration of Independence reveals…
a. how a government should be structured.
b. the relationship between a just government and its citizens as revealed through natural laws.
c. the demands of government on its citizens and how those citizens would satisfy those demands.
d. the importance of a mercantilist system in maintaining a colonial government.

40. The thoughts and ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence were not exclusively those of Thomas Jefferson. Among the contributors we include…
a. John Adams & Benjamin Franklin
b. Alexander Hamilton and George Washington
c. Richard Henry Lee and Patrick Henry
d. Thomas Paine and Samuel Adams

41. When dividing the Declaration of Independence into its major components, we noticed each section served a specific purpose. From the list provided, identify the item THAT DOES NOT BELONG amongst those ‘purposes’.
a. Establish a process for admitting ‘territories’ as new and equal States.
b. Laying accusations against the King of Britain.
c. Referencing the laws of Nature and God as they apply to Man.
d. A Proclamation/ Announcement of the existence of a new nation among the world’s nations.

42. An Enlightenment philosopher who most certainly influenced the authors of the Declaration of Independence was…
a. Thomas Hobbes
b. Rene Descarte
c. John Locke
d. David Hume

43. This pivotally important Enlightenment document likely influenced the authorship of the Declaration of Independence to a greater degree than any other document of that period.
a. The Magna Carta
b. The Gettysburg Address
c. US Bill of Rights
d. The 2nd Treatise on Government

44. “He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.” This quote from the Declaration of Independence is reflective of which difficulty experienced by the colonists?

a. Parliamentary participation required a presence in London.
b. Most colonials lived a short distance from colonial offices of British magistrates.
c. Colonial disapproval of the Intolerable Acts.
d. Limiting the purchase of Tea to that which is transported and sold by the British East India Company.

45. Which of the following was primarily a British punitive (punishment) effort targeted against the Massachusetts Bay Colony after the Boston Tea Party?
a. Stamp Act
b. Townshend Acts
c. Tea Act
d. Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

46. Under the Articles of Confederation, each state’s power in Congress was based on…
a. one vote per state.
b. the state’s size.
c. the state’s total population.
d. the state’s voting population.

47. From the time of the Declaration of Independence until the ratification of the Constitution, the United States functioned without a…
a. Court System
b. Bi-Cameral Legislature
c. President
d. All choices offered were not missing during this period

48. One of the accomplishments of the Northwest Ordinance Act of 1787 was to…
a. set up a plan for surveying western lands.
b. challenge Spain’s claim to the Mississippi River.
c. transfer ownership of western lands from states to the national government.
d. establish requirements for admitting new states to the Union as equals.

49. The Great Compromise was an agreement among the participants in the Constitutional Convention to…
a. ratify the first ten amendments of the US Constitution.
b. count slaves in determining population size for purpose of representation in Congress.
c. determine a state’s representation in Congress considering both the population size and equal State representation.
d. divide powers between the states and the central government.

50. The process that prevents the central (Federal) government from focusing complete and unrestricted authority into the ‘hands’ of one person or group is best labeled as…
a. veto.
b. debate.
c. checks and balances.
d. filibuster.

51. Which of these founding fathers wrote essays/ arguments contained in The Federalist (Papers)?
a. Benjamin Franklin
b. James Madison
c. Patrick Henry
d. Thomas Jefferson

52. The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided guidance on the division and organization of land in which region of the North American continent (south of Canada and north of Mexico)?
a. Louisiana Territory
b. Northwest Territory
c. Mississippi Delta
d. Mexican Cession

53. The US Constitution required this to ensure it’s ratification by at least 9 of the 13 States.
a. Articles of Confederation
b. Preamble
c. The Federalist (Papers)
d. Bill of Rights (First 10 Amendments)

**Please match the ‘year’ with the appropriate ‘founding document’.
a. 1776
b. 1781
c. 1787
d. 1789

54. Northwest Ordinance Act (became law)
55. The Declaration of Independence (final draft adopted by colonial delegates)
56. US Constitution (comes into force)
57. The Articles of Confederation (comes into force)

58. According to the Articles of Confederation, the ‘sovereign state’ is…
a. The Federal government
b. The United States of America in Congress assembled
c. Each State government
d. The United States of America in Congress assembled AND each State government

59. According to the United States Constitution, the ‘sovereign state’ is…
a. The Federal government
b. The United States of America in Congress assembled
c. Each State government
d. The Federal AND each State government within a system of federalism.

60. 1763 was an incredibly ‘busy’ year. The events of that year helped create a nation 13 years later. Which of the following is NOT associated with the events of that year?
a. Treaty of Paris
b. British victory in the French & Indian War
c. Stamp Act
d. Pontiac’s Rebellion

61. “A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another, there being nothing more evident than that creatures of the same species and rank, promiscuously born to all the same advantages of Nature, and the use of the same faculties, should also be equal one amongst another…” This quote best reflects a core philosophical concept expressed in the…

a. Northwest Ordinance Act
b. The Declaration of Independence
c. US Constitution
d. The Articles of Confederation
e. The US Bill of Rights

TRUE/ FALSE: ‘A’ for TRUE. ‘B’ for FALSE.

Use the Chart: Colonial Population Divisions (1700, 1755) (below) for questions in this section.

Chart: Colonial Population Divisions (1700, 1755)

Chart: Colonial Population Divisions (1700, 1755)

62. From 1700 to 1755: We can assume that the “English/ Welsh” raw population numbers dropped.
63. From 1700 to 1755: Diversity of European colonists increased.
64. From 1700 to 1755: Africans as percentage of total population, increased.
65. From 1700 to 1755: We can’t assume that the “Other European” category ‘stayed the same’ in raw population number.

Ans. Key