Midterm_HUS-Unit05, 06, 07 (Ch.17 – Ch.27) (EVEN)

Midterm_HUS-Unit05, 06, 07 (Ch.17 – Ch.27) (EVEN)

1. Lincoln Steffens’s The Shame of the Cities, Ida Tarbell’s The History of the Standard Oil Company, and Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle are examples of the use of…
a. the Gospel of Wealth
b. the melting pot theory
c. Social Darwinism
d. Muckraking

2. A contributing factor to the United States’ refusal to join the League of Nations or ratify the Treaty of Versailles may have included…
a. US objections to dividing Germany between the Western and Eastern Allies after WWI.
b. isolationist sentiment that raised concerns about making alliances with foreign nations, especially European.
c. the United States did not want to contribute troops to the League of Nations’ army.
d. fear of unrestricted use of German submarine warfare.

Use the statement, below, plus your knowledge of Social Studies to respond to the question that follows.

…the policy of the government of the United States is to seek a solution which may bring about permanent safety and peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial and administrative entity, protect all rights guaranteed to friendly powers by treaty and international law, and safeguard for the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese Empire….

— Secretary of State John Hay, Circular Letter, July 3, 1900

3. This excerpt from John Hay’s Circular Letter became part of the…
a. Open Door policy
b. Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
c. policy of Dollar Diplomacy
d. Kellogg-Briand Pact

4. Progressive Republicans looked to Theodore Roosevelt (TR) in the 1912 election because…
a. Populists were poised to ciphon-away a number of votes from the Republican party
b. President Taft had dissappointed them with a weak ‘progressive’ agenda during his term in office
c. conservative Republicans were going to run Eugene V. Debs
d. TR promised to keep the US out of war

5. As a precursor to the economic collapse that will become The Great Depression, which of the following increased in the years prior to 1929?
a. farmers’ debts
b. prices for farm products
c. imports of foreign grain
d. tariffs on imported steel

6. The 1920’s Harlem Renaissance refers to a…
a. struggle for civil rights led by the NAACP.
b. population increase in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City.
c. program to promote African-American owned businesses.
d. explosion of African-American culture, especially in the arts.

Analyze the source below. Use it and your knowledge of social studies to answer the question that follows.

Espionage Act of 1918

Espionage and Sedition Act of 1918

7. This passage, and the enforcement of the Espionage and Sedition Act by the Wilson Administration, implied the belief that the…
a. Fourteenth Amendment permitted suspending the Bill of Rights in wartime.
b. US war effort would be threatened if dissenters were allowed free speech.
c. public should be shielded from experiencing the ‘negative’ aspects of the war.
d. US should replicate the efforts of other wartime countries that already curtailed civil liberties.

8. Frederick Taylor’s use of time and motion analysis to improve industrial efficiency is an example of the implementation of…
a. McCarthyism
b. Scientific management
c. “buying on margin”
d. speculation
e. yellow journalism

9. Which of the following did the United States insist that Cuba include in its constitution? The addtion would permit US involvement in future Cuban internal affairs.
a. the Boxer Protocol
b. the Platt Amendment
c. the 18th Amendment
d. the Roosevelt Corollary

10. The ‘Bonus Army’ marched on Washington in 1932 to…
a. commemorate Armistice Day (Official end of World War I)
b. show solidarity with American farmers suffering from low prices on their agricultural goods
c. force the federal government to pay a monetary sum they believed was owed to them for their WWI service.
d. protest restrictive hiring practices that prevented veterans of WWI from being employed.

Factory Assemblyline

Factory Assemblyline

11. The image above is representative of which Progressive Era goal?
a. Safeguarding Social Welfare
b. Fostering Efficiency
c. Creating Economic Reform
d. Promoting Moral Improvement

12. What purpose did adopting Initiative, Referendum, and Recall serve for States during the Progressive Era?
a. supporting new political parties
b. increasing the power of voters over the political process
c. reestablishing property qualifications for voting
d. extending voting rights to immigrants

13. Which should have had the LEAST impact on the development of The Great Depression in the 1920s?
a. Increased consumerism
b. The availability of easy credit
c. Foreign conflicts
d. A crisis in the farm sector

Poster_Hello Liberty Speaking

Poster_Hello Liberty Speaking

14. What is the most likely reason George Creel’s Committee on Public Information published this particular poster during WWI? (See Image Above)
a. to increase military enlistments
b. to reduce the use of consumer goods
c. to generate investment in the war effort
d. to conserve scarce resources for military use

15. President Theodore Roosevelt’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine contributed to…
a. increased improvement of human rights throughout the Western Hemisphere
b. a complete cessation of independence movements in the Western Hemisphere
c. a sudden and drastic decline in emmigration to the United States
d. the development of a foreign policy that permitted US intervention in the Western Hemisphere

16. One response to the banking crisis that Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) enacted after becoming president was to…
a. declare a bank holiday that closed banks in the United States for several days.
b. nationalize the banks to ensure they were following federal regulations.
c. establish the Federal Reserve System to reduce the possibility of another bank emergency.
d. borrow money from foreign banks to support the failing US banks.

17. Senator Huey Long was threatening FDR’s presidential goals by arguing that…
a. the New Deal was an effort to make the United States a socialist state.
b. deficit spending and “priming the pump” was bad for the American economy.
c. his (Mr. Long’s) “Share-Our-Wealth” plan would allow everyone to be wealthy at this time of great need.
d. his (Mr. Long’s) “Share-Our-Wealth” plan will provide 60 acres and a mule to all needy citizens at this time of great need.

18. Which choice best reflects FDR’s motive for including the Federal Housing Administration (FHA, 1934) as part of his New Deal legislation?
a. to alleviate the suffering of American farmers.
b. to promote large-scale infrastructure projects and increase construction jobs.
c. to provide loans to Americans who wanted to buy a home and increase construction jobs.
d. to give free housing to homeless Americans.

19. During the Prohibition era, illegal liquor could be acquired by ‘going underground’ to hidden nightclubs known as…
a. speakeasies.
b. penthouses.
c. tenements.
d. tea rooms.

20. Zora Neale Hurston and Langston Hughes had which of the following in common? They were…
a. civil rights leaders of the 1940s.
b. early members of President Franklin Roosevelt’s ‘Black Cabinet.’
c. writers associated with the cultural explosion of the Harlem Renaissance.
d. outspoken opponents to U.S. involvement in WWII.

21. One of the key goals of the 1913 Federal Reserve Act was to…
a. place a banking system under the direct control of Congress.
b. decentralize the banking industry to allow for local control of money.
c. protect the banking industry by removing the country from the gold standard.
d. create a banking system that could regulate the amount of money in circulation.

African-American Migration, 1890-1920

African-American Migration, 1890-1920

22. What trend does this map (above) illustrate?
a. the movement of African Americans to the North
b. the movement of African Americans to the South
c. the discrimination faced by African Americans in the South
d. the immediate effects of the abolition of slavery

23. The Scopes Monkey Trial can be best described as a clash between which two value systems?
a. Capitalism vs. Communism
b. Democracy vs. Authoritarianism
c. Scholasticism vs. Transcendentalism
d. Science vs. Religion

1920s US Immigration Graph

1920s US Immigration Graph

24. Using the graph above, what ‘could’ be contributing to the trend depicted in the graph?
a. The high death totals of WWI
b. The Chinese Exclusionary Act
c. Outbreaks of contagious disease in the foreign countries listed.
d. Rising Nativist sentiment in the US

25. The graph above reveals a trend among all the nation’s listed, with an exception for two. These two are…
a. Italy & Canada.
b. Yugoslavia & Ireland.
c. Great Britain & Poland.
d. Mexico & Germany

26. Social Security was a New Deal program designed to…
a. foster the growth of trade unions.
b. promote recovery through economic development.
c. give direct aid to American businesses.
d. provide a minimum retirement income.

FDR Cartoon_Court

FDR Cartoon_Court

27. The 1937 cartoon (above) is criticizing President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan to…
a. reduce the number of federal courts.
b. impeach current Supreme Court justices.
c. give states the power to appoint Supreme Court justice.
d. increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court

28. A reason President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed the plan implied by the cartoon (above) was because the Supreme Court had…
a. challenged FDR’s right to run for a third term
b. rejected several important Cabinet appointments
c. ruled against legislation protecting the rights of Japanese-American citizens
d. declared portions of New Deal programs unconstitutional.

29. Many members of Congress opposed the plan illustrated in the cartoon because it would…
a. reduce the power of the president
b. upset the system of checks and balances.
c. destroy the system of federalism
d. cost too much to implement.

30. ‘Okies’ (a slang term for former farmers migrating to urban areas in search of employment) migrated to California in the 1930’s. They, and other Americans in the same circumstance, often faced discrimination based on…
a. race
b. class/ socioeconomic level
c. ethnicity
d. gender
e. sexual orientation

31. The 1924 National Origins Act is legislation that reveals the US’s …
a. will to expand overseas trade.
b. growing concern with the preservation of Native American artifacts.
c. rising nativist sentiment during a significant increase in immigrant numbers following WWI.
d. ‘progressive’ initiative to restrict the flow of business income to foreign banks and away from local communities.

32. All of the following are possible reasons for US entry into WWI EXCEPT…
a. the sinking of the Lusitania (Killing 128 Americans)
b. Germany’s declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare
c. economic and social ties to Great Britain and other Allied Powers (predating WWI).
d. Germany threatening direct attacks on the US homeland.
e. Zimmermann Note

33. Who, of the following, is best associated with the use of the “bully pulpit?”
a. President Woodrow Wilson
b. President William H. Taft
c. President Theodore Roosevelt
d. President Warren G. Harding

Early 20th C. US Meat Inspection

Early 20th C. US Meat Inspection

34. The image above best reflects which reform effort?
a. Pure Food and Drug Act
b. Meat Inspection Act
c. Women’s Suffrage
d. Prohibition

35. Which of the following is the most accurate application of President Taft’s policy of “dollar diplomacy?”
a. allowing for the nationalization of Latin American property owned by U.S. citizens
b. exerting economic influence rather than military force to achieve US interests.
c. using international trade organizations to stabilize Latin American economies
d. maintaining a military force to discourage European colonization in Latin America

36. Which of the following was most directly responsible for creating new jobs and putting people to work?
a. Social Security Act
b. Fair Labor Standards Act
c. National Labor Relations Act
d. Works Progress Administration

37. Yellow journalists created support for the Spanish-American War by writing articles about the…
a. Political popularity of William Jennings Bryan
b. Efforts of the United States to control Mexico
c. Destruction of United States sugar plantations by Hawaiians
d. Sinking of the United States battleship Maine in Havana Harbor

38. Emilio Aguinaldo is best associated with the…
a. Mexican Revolution as a rebel leader who conducted cross-border raids into the US.
b. Philippine Insurrection against Spain and later, the US
c. Cuban Insurrection as a rebel leader fighting Spanish colonial rule.
d. US’s Rough Riders, as a local Cuban member fighting during the Spanish-American War.

39. The famous American writer, Mark Twain, expresses his opinion about U.S. actions in the Philippines after the Spanish-American War with the following words…

“I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to subjugate the people of the Philippines. We have gone to conquer, not to redeem (save them)…I am opposed to having the (American) eagle put its talons on any other land.”

—The New York Herald, October 15, 1900

This statement implies that Mark Twain believed…
a. U.S. imperialism was negatively impacting Filippinos while failing to foster American values.
b. U.S. imperialism would bring a stable government to the Philippines.
c. U.S. imperialism was necessary for the United States to become a world power.
d. U.S. imperialism was necessary to civilize the people of the Philippines.

40. Like the 1920’s private consumer with a growing financial problem, buying a stock on margin meant…
a. purchasing the stock outside the regular stock exchange
b. buying the stock for someone else
c. paying less than the market price of the stock
d. borrowing money to help pay for the stock

41. FDR’s AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act) was intended to help American farmers by…
a. Forcing farmers to sell their crops at below-market prices.
b. Forcing farmers to sell their crops at inflated prices.
c. Incentivizing farmers to not sell their crops, so that less supply would slowly lead to higher crop prices.
d. Paying farmers to sell their crops, so that more supply would slowly lead to higher crop prices.

42. “Hawaiian Planters Urge American Annexation”
“U.S. and Germany Negotiate for Control of the Samoan Islands”
“U.S. Gains Control of Wake Island and Guam”

Which conclusion is best supported by these headlines during the latter part of the Gilded Age?
a. The Anti-Imperialist League strongly influenced Congress.
b. Respect for native cultures motivated United States foreign policy.
c. United States territorial expansion increased in the Pacific Ocean.
d. Construction of a railroad to Alaska was a major policy goal.

43. The New Deal reform that helped labor unions win the right to represent workers was the…
a. creation of Social Security.
b. formation of the Securities and Exchange Commission.
c. passage of the National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act.
d. establishment of unemployment insurance.

44. Which geographic area was most seriously affected by the Dust Bowl of the 1930s?
a. Atlantic Coastal Plain
b. Florida Everglades
c. Great Plains
d. Pacific Coast

45. This was a code name for a top-secret WWII-era collaboration between the US military and a group of scientists stationed is Los Alamos, New Mexico. The purpose of the collaboration was the development, production, and deployment of a nuclear device before it could be done by the Axis Powers. Ultimately, that device would be used in Asia.
a. Lend-Lease
b. Executive Order 9066
c. Manhattan Project
d. Operation Barbarrosa

46. This was a US geopolitical strategy to stop the expansion of Communism. It earmarked Cold War foreign policy for the United States and its allies.
a. Operation Barbarrosa
b. Roosevelt Corollary
c. Marshall Plan
d. Containment

47. This leader of the Soviet Union was at the helm during the iconic standoffs of the Cold War to include: The Cuban Missile Crisis and the shooting-down of Francis Gary Powers’ U2 reconnaisance aircraft.
a. Nikita Khrushchev
b. Boris Yeltsin
c. Vladimir Putin
d. Leonid Breshnev

48. He was the lead scientist of the Manhattan Project. A key player in the coordination of efforts between the US military hierarchy and the scientists working on the project.
a. Albert Einstein
b. Alan Turing
c. George Marshall
d. Robert Oppenheimer

49. German for “Lightning Warfare”.
a. Nazi
b. Holocaust
c. Kristallnacht
d. Blitzkrieg

50. This US President gave the order that ultimately ushered the world into the ‘Nuclear Age’ in the most violent setting.
a. President Woodrow Wilson
b. President Warren G. Harding
c. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
d. President Harry S. Truman

Answer Key