Midterm_HGS-Unit03: Ch.13 – Ch.14 (ODD)
1. Traditional farming methods of the Early Middle Ages (Europe) had it’s root in the Classical Period of Greece and Rome. Among the older, traditional, techniques used during this period we would include…
a. Crop Rotation
b. 3-Field System
c. Insecticide Use
d. Alternating a Fallow field with a planted field.
e. Alternating planted fields of Wheat with Corn.
2. This animal was, traditionally, the common ‘beast of burden’ for agriculture during the Classical Period and Early Middle Ages.
3. A partial explanation for the employment of innovative agricultural techniques during the High Middle Ages was the cultural diffusion encouraged by…
a. The Office of the Inquisition and frequent travels of Priests.
b. Manorialism and the goals of Feudalism.
c. Communication/ Contact: Commercial Activity, Crusades, etc.
d. The Black Death (Bubonic Plague).
e. Climate Change
4. Increased agricultural production (food staples) has historically (initially) impacted populations by…
a. Decreasing the total numbers of people via obesity.
b. Increasing the total numbers of people as births and life expectancies increase.
c. Decreasing the total numbers of people caused by famine.
d. Increasing total numbers as food surpluses attract large numbers of immigrants to Feudal Europe.
e. Neutral. No impact on the total numbers of people.
5. All of the following contributed to an increase in the availability of food in Medieval Europe during the High & Late Middle Ages EXCEPT…
a. 3-Field System
b. Horse Harness
c. Metal-Blade Plow
d. Expansion of food imports.
e. Crop Rotation
6. Which of the following best describes the nature of a craft guild?
a. workers who used gold leaf to decorate palaces
b. merchants who sold specially woven cloth at local fairs
c. traders who carried local goods to other regions
d. an association of people who worked at the same occupation.
7. Which of the following apply to European cities as they become increasingly ‘commercial’ during the High Middle Ages?
a. They acquire their charter from the lord by purchase or armed revolt.
b. They often compete with neighboring towns which also contributes to civic pride.
c. To this day some towns celebrate their freedom from feudal ties to a lord with celebrations and contests of skill.
d. Town population increases.
e. All of the above apply.
8. As the forests of Northern Europe are cleared and towns become increasingly commercial, the circumstances were perfect for the expression of a town’s importance by constructing…
c. Gothic Cathedrals
9. This Northern Italian town gained a reputation as a commercial powerhouse in the Late Medieval and Renaissance era. At one point, they fund the 4th Crusade against Constantinople.
10. As trade increases and makes town life profitable, artisans and merchants within the town express concerns regarding important issues within their occupation. These concerns, which included pricing methods and quality standards, were addressed by the…
b. Lord of the Manor.
c. Hanseatic League
d. Tax Assessors
11. The prosperity of feudal towns isn’t assured if they remained bound by a feudal contract. Except for a few violent cases, towns were able to acquire political and economic independence upon the lord’s issuance of a…
d. Papal Bull
12. One of these towns found a ‘niche’ in the changing economic condition of Medieval Europe. Instead of focusing on producing and distributing a product, it focused on providing a service. The service involved carrying products that others produced to the consumers of the product. Based on your knowledge of geography, which town had an advantage regarding location?
13. Item ‘D’ on the map, above, represents…
a. Principality of Tripoli
14. Item ‘2’ on the map, above, represents…
a. Principality of Tripoli
15.Which item on the map, above, represents the planned destination of the 1st Crusade?
16. Which item on the map, above, represents the rendezvous point for the various elements of the Crusader army coming from Western Europe at the start of the 1st Crusade?
17. The suit of armor depicted above supports the notion that…
a. The most important element of a Medieval European army was primarily comprised of men from the largest segment of the population.
b. Medieval European warfare was very expensive if one had to participate.
c. Mounted Knights were as effective on foot as they were on horseback.
d. Suits of armor were made to fit many different people, not just the person who ordered its manufacture.
18. The era of The Black Plague was made worse, for Europeans trying to survive, by…
a. the Mini-Ice Age.
c. a lack of trade.
d. All apply
19. Which group provided the best vehicle for the spread of bubonic plague to, and within, Europe?
c. Traders/ Merchants
20. Which of these was a symptom of the difficulties Europeans were having handling The Black Death?
a. Artwork laden with themes of death.
b. Religious explanations for the pestilence.
c. Poor treatment of others (Scapegoating)
d. All Choices Apply
True/ False: Using your knowledge of The Black Death era, determine whether the following statements are TRUE (‘A) or FALSE (‘B’).
21. Famine aggravated the affects of The Black Plague.
22. The Flagellants were a comedic group doing it’s best to bring some joy to a suffering population.
23. John Bolle saw the misery of poor Europeans as an opportunity to act for change.
24. Based on your analysis of the map, above, which of these invaders probably depended least on their horsemanship during their migration/ invasion of Europe during the Early Middle Ages.
b. Arabs/ Muslims
25. Based on your analysis of the map above, what region/ kingdom did not suffer from raids by all three invaders (migrants)?
b. Byzantine Empire
c. Italian Peninsula
26.Based on your analysis of the map above, which migrants/ invaders ventured farthest from their home territory?
c. Arabs/ Muslims
27. Viking raids eventually ceased because of several factors, among them we would include…
a. feudal lords successfully unified for defense.
b. New feudal relationships enticed Viking raiders to stop marauding (Ex.: Investiture Ceremony).
c. Muslim raiding parties threatened the Viking homeland.
d. Leif Erikson redirected all Viking attention to the exploration of new lands across the ocean.
28. Among the military technologies introduced by Vikings during the invasions of the 8th – 10th C. we would include the…
a. Long Boat
b. (Gladius) Sword
29. One of the earliest examples of an Investiture Ceremony occurred at the start of the feudal period in Europe. It involved these two figures:
a. Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV
b. St. Benedict and Abbot
c. Charles the Bald and Louis the Pious
d. Rollo and Charles the Simple
30. According to the code of Chivalry, a knight fought for all of the following EXCEPT his…
b. Heavenly Lord.
c. Feudal lord.
d. Free Peasants.
31. Which elements of feudal society probably contributed most to holding feudal society together?
a. A set of mutual social/ political obligations and the teachings of the Church.
b. A widespread reluctance to resort to violence.
c. Pride in Roman heritage and a thriving Asian trade network.
d. The Benedictine Rules
32. Which of the following best describes how the roles of Feudalism and the Manorial system work within Medieval European society?
a. Feudalism was a social order, and the Manorial system was the economic arrangement that supported it.
b. Feudalism applied only to lords, while the Manorial system involved serfs.
c. The laws of Feudalism were set by the king, and the laws of the Manor were set by the Church.
d. Feudalism involved only war-making, while the Manor system involved agricultural production.
33. St. Benedict is known for…
a. crowning emperors of the Holy Roman Empire.
b. defeating Muslim armies at Tours.
c. establishing, organizing, and writing administrative rules for early monasteries.
d. All are accurate
34. “Secular” is a word best associated with:
a. A Monastic lifestyle on a monastery.
b. The absence of Religion in public/ political life.
c. “Christendom” as the idea of a Christian Kingdom.
d. Primogeniture as a traditional method of inheritance.
35. The interdict was an effective weapon for a pope to use against a monarch because it…
a. would deprive the king of his own personal salvation.
b. gave other rulers permission to battle the offending king.
c. decreed that kings must give up their realm & leave Europe forever.
d. cost kings the loyalty of subjects, who feared for their own souls.
36. Pope Gregory VII and the German emperor, Henry IV, fought over the issue of…
a. ruling the Papal States.
b. secular appointment of Cardinals.
c. papal appointment of princes.
d. Lay Investiture.
37. The Concordat of Worms (12th C.) resolved a power struggle between which two groups?
a. Italian nobles and German rulers
b. the Lombard League and Frederick I
c. the Church and the Holy Roman emperor
d. Rollo, a Viking leader, and Charles the Simple, King of France
38. An arrangement for which Clovis is credited with starting for the Franks is…
a. recognition of the Frankish king as the legitimate ruler of the Franks by the Pope.
b. establishing a joint line of rulers by marrying Frankish princesses to Arab Emirs.
c. recognition, by the Byzantine emperor, of the legitimacy of Frankish rule over former Roman territory in the West.
d. the cooperation he encouraged between the Franks and Muslims.
39. An impact of Pope Leo III crowning Charlemagne emperor was that it…
a. would become the foundation for future disputes over the authority of the monarch vs. the Pope in local affairs (Ex.: Lay Investiture).
b. required that there only be one Pope who can crown a Frankish monarch (Ex.: Council of Constance, 15th C.).
c. gave a great deal of religious power to Germanic people.
d. brought Germanic secular power exclusively under the auspices of the Church.
40. The Frankish Kingdom is credited with the development of…
a. Base-10 number system.
b. Phonetic Language.
c. Concept of ‘0’
d. Carolingian Minuscule
41. The Treaty of Verdun (843 CE) resulted in the…
a. end of Carolingian rule in Europe.
b. formation of Normandy.
c. formation of a Holy Roman Empire.
d. division of the Frankish Kingdom into 3 parts.
Chronology #1: Identify which item occurred first by choosing ‘A’. If the item occurred second, choose ‘B’, etc.
42. Treaty of Verdun
43. Clovis converts to Roman Catholicism
44. Rise of the Carolingian Dynasty
45. Rise of the Merovingian Dynasty
True/ False: For section I and II below, identify which statement is ‘TRUE’ (by Selecting ‘A’) or ‘FALSE’ (by Selecting ‘B’).
I. The Church
46. To help address the matter of heresies spreading through Medieval Europe, the Church established the Office of the Inquisition.
II. Gothic Cathedrals and the era that gave rise to them.
47. Structurally speaking, Arches play an important part in supporting the massive weight of these huge buildings.
48. Flying Buttresses, with their wing-like design, serve only as a decorative element of these structures.
49. Most Gothic Cathedrals are located in Northern Europe because the observant (strictest) branches of Catholicism reside there during the Middle Ages.
50. These massive structures become embroiled in the competitive environment that arose between the developing commercial centers of Medieval Europe.